Generic Name: Valsartan Brand Name(s): Valsartan.

Uses

What is Valsartan used for?

Valsartan is commonly used to treat high blood pressure. It is used to treat heart failure (weak heart).

It is used to help heart function after a heart attack. It may be given to you for other reasons. Talk with the doctor.

How should I take Valsartan?

Use this medicine (valsartan capsules) as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.

Take with or without food.

Take this medicine at the same time of day.

Drink lots of noncaffeine liquids unless told to drink less liquid by your doctor.

To gain the most benefit, do not miss doses.

Keep taking this medicine (valsartan capsules) as you have been told by your doctor or other health care provider, even if you feel well.

How do I store Valsartan?

Valsartan is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store Valsartan in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of Valsartan that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush Valsartan down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Precautions & warnings

What should I know before using Valsartan?

Before using this drug, tell your doctor if:

  • You are pregnant or breastfeeding. This is because, while you are expecting or feeding a baby, you should only take medicines on the recommendation of a doctor.
  • You are taking any other medicines. This includes any medicines you are taking which are available to buy without a prescription, such as herbal and complementary medicines.
  • You have allergy with any of active or inactive ingredients of Valsartan or other medications.
  • You have any other illnesses, disorders, or medical conditions.
  • You are taking a drug that has aliskiren in it and you also have high blood sugar (diabetes) or kidney problems. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure if a drug you take has aliskiren in it.
  • You are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed.
  • Your child has kidney disease.
  • Your child is younger than 6 years of age. Do not give this medicine to a child younger than 6 years of age.

Tell all of your health care providers that you take this medicine (valsartan capsules). This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists.

Avoid driving and doing other tasks or actions that call for you to be alert until you see how this medicine affects you.

To lower the chance of feeling dizzy or passing out, rise slowly if you have been sitting or lying down. Be careful going up and down stairs.

It may take several weeks to see the full effects.

Have your blood pressure checked often. Talk with your doctor.

Have blood work checked as you have been told by the doctor. Talk with the doctor.

If you are taking a salt substitute that has potassium, potassium-sparing diuretics, or potassium, talk with your doctor.

If you are on a low-salt or salt-free diet, talk with your doctor.

Talk with your doctor before you drink alcohol.

Be careful in hot weather or while being active. Drink lots of fluids to stop fluid loss.

Tell your doctor if you have too much sweat, fluid loss, throwing up, or loose stools. This may lead to low blood pressure.

If you are taking this medicine (valsartan capsules) and have high blood pressure, talk with your doctor before using OTC products that may raise blood pressure. These include cough or cold drugs, diet pills, stimulants, ibuprofen or like products, and some natural products or aids.

If you are taking lithium, talk with your doctor. You may need to have your blood work checked more closely while you are taking it with this medicine.

This medicine may not work as well in black patients. Talk with the doctor.

Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?

There are no adequate studies in women for determining risk when using Valsartan during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking Valsartan. Valsartan is pregnancy risk category D, according to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

FDA pregnancy risk category reference below:

  • A=No risk
  • B=No risk in some studies
  • C=There may be some risk
  • D=Positive evidence of risk
  • X=Contraindicated
  • N=Unknown

Side effects

What side effects can occur from Valsartan?

Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:

  • Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Signs of kidney problems like unable to pass urine, change in how much urine is passed, blood in the urine, or a big weight gain.
  • Signs of a high potassium level like a heartbeat that does not feel normal; change in thinking clearly and with logic; feeling weak, lightheaded, or dizzy; feel like passing out; numbness or tingling; or shortness of breath.
  • Very bad dizziness or passing out.
  • Swelling in the feet or hands.
  • Change in eyesight.
  • Dizziness
  • Belly pain.
  • Back pain.
  • Loose stools (diarrhea).
  • Feeling tired or weak.
  • Headache
  • Flu-like signs.

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Interactions

What drugs may interact with Valsartan?

Valsartan may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.

Does food or alcohol interact with Valsartan?

Valsartan may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

What health conditions may interact with Valsartan?

Valsartan may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.

Dosage

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using Valsartan.

What is the dose of Valsartan for an adult?

Usual Adult Dose for Congestive Heart Failure

Initial dose: 40 mg orally twice a day

Maintenance dose: 80 to 160 mg twice a day. The dose should be increased to the highest dose tolerated by the patient.

Usual Adult Dose for Hypertension

Initial dose: 80 to 160 mg orally once a day.

Maintenance dose: 80 to 320 mg orally once a day

Usual Adult Dose for Myocardial Infarction

Initial dose: 20 mg orally twice a day

Maintenance dose: The initial dosage may be titrated upward within 7 days to 40 mg twice daily, with subsequent titrations to a target maintenance dose of 160 mg twice a day as tolerated by the patient. If symptomatic hypotension or renal dysfunction occurs, consideration should be given to a dosage reduction.

What is the dose of Valsartan for a child?

Usual Pediatric Dose for Hypertension

6 to 16 years:

Initial dose: 1.3 mg/kg once a day (up to 40 mg)

Maintenance dose: up to 2.7 mg/kg (up to 160 mg) once a day titrated according to patient response

How is Valsartan available?

Valsartan is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • Tablet
  • Capsule

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of Valsartan, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: November 28, 2017 | Last Modified: November 28, 2017