Vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV)

By Medically reviewed by hellodoktor

Generic Name: Vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV) Brand Name(s): Vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV).


What is vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV) used for?

Poliovirus vaccine is an active immunizing agent used to prevent poliomyelitis (polio). It works by causing your body to produce its own protection (antibodies) against the virus that causes polio.

Polio vaccine is recommended for all children who are at least 6 weeks old. It is also recommended for adults in the following situations:

  • Who have never been vaccinated against polio.
  • Who travel to areas where polio is common.
  • Who handle polio virus in the laboratory.
  • Who treat patients who have polio.

How should I take vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV)?

This vaccine is come as a solution to take by mouth.

How do I store vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV)?

Vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV) is best stored in the refrigerator. To prevent drug damage, do not freeze. There may be different brands of vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV) that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV) down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Precautions & warnings

What should I know before using vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV)?

Before using, tell your doctor if:

  • You are pregnant or breastfeeding. This is because, while you are expecting or feeding a baby, you should only take medicines on the recommendation of a doctor.
  • You are taking any other medicines. This includes any medicines you are taking which are available to buy without a prescription, such as herbal and complementary medicines.
  • You have allergy with any of active or inactive ingredients of vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV) or other medications.
  • You have any other illnesses, disorders, or medical conditions.

For a while after you are immunized, there is a very small risk (1 in 2.2 million) that any persons living in your household who have not yet been immunized against polio or who have or had an immune deficiency condition may develop poliomyelitis (polio) from being around you. Talk to your doctor if you have any questions about this.

Use is not recommended for infants up to 6 weeks of age. For infants and children 6 weeks of age and older, polio vaccine is not expected to cause different side effects or problems than it does in adults.

Many medicines have not been studied specifically in older people. Therefore, it may not be known whether they work exactly the same way they do in younger adults. Although there is no specific information comparing use of polio vaccine in the elderly with use in other age groups, this vaccine is not expected to cause different side effects or problems in older persons than it does in younger adults.

Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?

There are no adequate studies in women for determining risk when using vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV) during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV). Vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV) is pregnancy risk category C, according to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

FDA pregnancy risk category reference below:

  • A=No risk
  • B=No risk in some studies
  • C=There may be some risk
  • D=Positive evidence of risk
  • X=Contraindicated
  • N=Unknown

Side effects

What side effects can occur from vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV)?

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

  • Difficulty with breathing or swallowing
  • Hives
  • Itching, especially of the feet or hands
  • Reddening of the skin, especially around ears
  • Swelling of the eyes, face, or inside of the nose
  • Unusual tiredness or weakness (sudden and severe)
  • Fever over 102° F (39° C)
  • Irritability
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tiredness

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.


What drugs may interact with vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV)?

Vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV) may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.

Does food or alcohol interact with vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV)?

Vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV) may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

What health conditions may interact with vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV)?

Vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV) may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.

Especially if you have:

  • Diarrhea
  • Virus infection
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Illness (moderate or severe)
  • Weakness (severe)
  • A family history of immune deficiency condition


The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV).

What is the dose of vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV) for an adult?

Adults who have never been vaccinated against polio should receive a total of 3 shots. Booster shots should be given 1 to 2 months after the first shot, and then 6 to 12 months after the second shot.

Adults who may have received prior polio vaccine(s) should receive 1 or 2 shots, no matter how long it has been since the first vaccination(s).

What is the dose of vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV) for a child?

In children, a total of 4 shots of polio vaccine are given.

The shots are usually given at 2 months, 4 months, 6 to 18 months, and 4 to 6 years of age.

Each dose of this vaccine is usually given at least 4 weeks apart.

The first dose of this vaccine may be given to infants 6 weeks of age.

How is vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV) available?

Vaccine poliomyelitis oral (OPV) is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • Oral; solution

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

This vaccine needs to be given on a fixed schedule. If you or your child miss a scheduled shot, call your doctor to make another appointment as soon as possible.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Review Date: April 22, 2017 | Last Modified: September 13, 2019

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