Generic Name: Vaccine MMR Brand Name(s): Generics only. No brands available.

Uses

What is vaccine MMR used for?

Vaccine MMR is measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine, which is commonly used for preventing these diseases in children between the ages of 12 months and 6 years old and adults who have never received the vaccine or had the diseases.

This vaccine works by exposing you to a small dose of the virus or protein from the virus, which causes the body to develop immunity to the disease. This vaccine will not treat an active infection that has already developed in the body.

Like any vaccine, the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine may not provide protection from disease in every person.

How should I take vaccine MMR?

Vaccine MMR is taken by:

  • This vaccine is given as an injection under the skin. You will receive this injection in a doctor’s office or clinic setting.
  • The measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine is given in a series of shots. The first shot is usually given to a child who is 12 to 15 month old. The booster shots are then given between 4 and 6 years of age. At least 28 days (4 weeks) should pass between the first and second doses of this vaccine.
  • Adults born after 1956 should receive at least one MMR vaccination if they have never had the diseases or received an MMR vaccine during their lifetime.
  • Your booster schedule may be different from these guidelines. Follow your doctor’s instructions or the schedule recommended by your local health department.
  • Your doctor may recommend treating fever and pain with an aspirin-free pain reliever such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, and others) when the shot is given and for the next 24 hours. Follow the label directions or your doctor’s instructions about how much of this medicine to take.
  • It is especially important to prevent fever from occurring if you have a seizure disorder such as epilepsy.
  • This vaccine can cause false results on a skin test for tuberculosis for up to 6 weeks. Tell any doctor who treats you if you have received a measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine within the past 4 to 6 weeks.

How do I store vaccine MMR?

MMR may be stored either in the refrigerator at 2–8°C or in the freezer at -50°C to -15°C. The diluent should not be frozen and can be stored in the refrigerator or at room temperature. If the MMR is combined with varicella vaccine as MMRV (ProQuad, Merck), it must be stored in the freezer at 50°C to -15°C.

Precautions & warnings

What should I know before using vaccine MMR?

Be sure to receive all recommended doses of this vaccine. You may not be fully protected against disease if you do not receive the full series.

You can still receive a vaccine if you have a minor cold. In the case of a more severe illness with a fever or any type of infection, wait until you get better before receiving this vaccine.

You should not receive a booster vaccine if you had a life threatening allergic reaction after the first shot.

Keep track of any and all side effects that you have after receiving this vaccine. When you receive a booster dose, you will need to tell the doctor if the previous shot caused any side effects.

Becoming infected with measles, mumps, or rubella is much more dangerous to your health than receiving this vaccine. However, like any medicine, this vaccine can cause side effects but the risk of serious side effects is extremely low.

You should not receive this vaccine if you are allergic to:

  • Eggs
  • Gelatin
  • Neomycin (Mycifradin, Neo-Fradin, Neo-Tab)
  • Any vaccine containing measles, mumps, or rubella

Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?

You should not receive a measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine if you are pregnant. Wait until after your child is born to receive the vaccine. Avoid becoming pregnant for at least 3 months after receiving a measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine. Do not receive this vaccine without telling your doctor if you are breastfeeding a baby.

Side effects

What side effects can occur from vaccine MMR?

Becoming infected with measles, mumps, or rubella is much more dangerous to your health than receiving this vaccine. However, like any medicine, this vaccine can cause side effects but the risk of serious side effects is extremely low.

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction such as

  • Hives
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat

Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

  • Problems with hearing or vision
  • Extreme drowsiness, fainting
  • Easy bruising or bleeding,
  • Unusual weakness
  • Seizure (black-out or convulsions)
  • High fever (within a few hours or a few days after the vaccine)

Less serious side effects include:

  • Redness, pain, swelling, or a lump where the shot was given
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Low fever
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Interactions

What drugs may interact with vaccine MMR?

Vaccine MMR may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.

Products may interact with this drug, including:

  • An oral, nasal, inhaled, or injectable steroid medicine
  • Medications to treat psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, or other autoimmune disorders, such as azathioprine (Imuran), etanercept (Enbrel), leflunomide (Arava), and others
  • Medicines to treat or prevent organ transplant rejection, such as basiliximab (Simulect), cyclosporine (Sandimmune, Neoral, Gengraf), muromonab-CD3 (Orthoclone), mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept), sirolimus (Rapamune), or tacrolimus (Prograf)

If you are using any of these medications, you may not be able to receive the vaccine, or may need to wait until the other treatments are finished.

Does food or alcohol interact with vaccine MMR?

Vaccine MMR may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

What health conditions may interact with vaccine MMR?

Vaccine MMR may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.

These health conditions are:

  • A chronic disease such as asthma or other breathing disorder
  • Diabetes
  • Kidney disease
  • Blood cell disorders such as anemia
  • Severe immune suppression caused by disease (such as cancer, HIV, or AIDS), or by receiving certain medicines such as steroids, chemotherapy or radiation
  • Thrombocytopenia purpura (easy bruising or bleeding)
  • Active tuberculosis infection
  • A history of seizures
  • A neurologic disorder or disease affecting the brain (or if this was a reaction to a previous vaccine)
  • A weak immune system caused by disease, bone marrow transplant, or by using certain medicines or receiving cancer treatments
  • An immune globulin or other blood product within the past year

Dosage  

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using vaccine MMR.

What is the dose of vaccine MMR for an adult?

Mumps prophylaxis:

The recommended dose is 0.5 ml, subcutaneously, once.

Rubella prophylaxis:

The recommended dose is 0.5 ml, subcutaneously, once.

Measles prophylaxis:

The recommended dose is 0.5 ml, subcutaneously, once.

What is the dose of vaccine MMR for a child?

Mumps prophylaxis:

12 months of age and older, the recommended dose is 0.5 ml, subcutaneously, once.

Rubella prophylaxis:

12 months of age and older, the recommended dose is 0.5 ml, subcutaneously, once.

Measles prophylaxis:

12 months of age and older, the recommended dose is 0.5 ml, subcutaneously, once.

How is vaccine MMR available?

Vaccine MMR is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • Single dose 0.5ml vial

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

An overdose of this vaccine is unlikely to occur.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

Contact your doctor if you will miss a booster dose or if you get behind schedule. The next dose should be given as soon as possible. There is no need to start over.

Be sure to receive all recommended doses of this vaccine. You may not be fully protected if you do not receive the full series.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: February 6, 2017 | Last Modified: February 6, 2017

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