Soma

By Medically reviewed by hellodoktor

Generic Name: Soma Brand Name(s): Soma.

Uses

What is Soma® (carisoprodol) used for?

Soma® is a muscle relaxer that blocks pain sensations between the nerves and the brain. Soma® is used together with rest and physical therapy to treat skeletal muscle conditions such as pain or injury.

Soma® may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

How should I take Soma® (carisoprodol)?

Take Soma® exactly as it was prescribed for you.

Soma® is usually taken 3 times per day and at bedtime. Follow your doctor’s dosing instructions very carefully.

This medicine should be used for only a short time; up to 2 or 3 weeks unless your doctor tells you otherwise.

Carisoprodol may be habit-forming. Never share Soma with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a place where others cannot get to it. Selling or giving away this medicine is against the law.

Misuse of habit-forming medicine can cause addiction, overdose, or death.

Do not stop using carisoprodol suddenly after long-term use, or you could have unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Ask your doctor how to safely stop using this medicine.

Soma® is only part of a complete program of treatment that may also include rest, physical therapy, or other pain relief measures. Follow your doctor’s instructions.

How do I store Soma® (carisoprodol)?

Soma® is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store Soma® in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of Soma® that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush Soma® down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Precautions & warnings

What should I know before using Soma® (carisoprodol)?

Before using this drug, tell your doctor if:

  • You are pregnant or breastfeeding. This is because, while you are expecting or feeding a baby, you should only take medicines on the recommendation of a doctor.
  • You are taking any other medicines. This includes any medicines you are taking which are available to buy without a prescription, such as herbal and complementary medicines.
  • You have allergy with any of active or inactive ingredients of Soma® or other medications.
  • You have any other illnesses, disorders, or medical conditions.

You should not take Soma® if you have porphyria (a genetic enzyme disorder that causes symptoms affecting the skin or nervous system).

Carisoprodol may be habit-forming. Never share this medicine with another person. Misuse of habit-forming medicine can cause addiction, overdose, or death.

Soma can cause side effects that may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be awake and alert. Avoid drinking alcohol. It can increase drowsiness and dizziness caused by carisoprodol.

You may have withdrawal symptoms when you stop using carisoprodol after using it over a long period of time. Do not stop using this medication suddenly without first talking to your doctor. You may need to use less and less before you stop the medication completely.

Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?

There are no adequate studies in women for determining risk when using Soma® during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking Soma®. Soma® is pregnancy risk category C, according to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

FDA pregnancy risk category reference below:

  • A=No risk
  • B=No risk in some studies
  • C=There may be some risk
  • D=Positive evidence of risk
  • X=Contraindicated
  • N=Unknown

Side effects

What side effects can occur from Soma® (carisoprodol)?

Common side effects may include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Headache

Stop using Soma® and call your doctor at once if you have:

  • A seizure (convulsions)
  • High levels of serotonin in the body – agitation, hallucinations, fever, fast heart rate, overactive reflexes, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of coordination, fainting

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction such as hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Interactions

What drugs may interact with Soma® (carisoprodol)?

Soma® may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.

Products that may interact with this drug are:

  • Fluoxetine or fluvoxamine
  • Rifampin
  • John’s wort
  • Antifungal medicine – ketoconazole, voriconazole
  • A sedative – diazepam, alprazolam, lorazepam, Valium, Xanax, and others
  • Seizure medicine – carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine
  • Stomach acid reducers – esomeprazole, lansoprazole, omeprazole, pantoprazole, Nexium, Prilosec

Does food or alcohol interact with Soma® (carisoprodol)?

Soma® may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

What health conditions may interact with Soma® (carisoprodol)?

Soma® may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.

Health conditions that may interact with this drug are:

  • Porphyria (a genetic enzyme disorder that causes symptoms affecting the skin or nervous system)
  • Liver disease
  • Kidney disease
  • A history of seizures

Dosage

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using Soma® (carisoprodol).

What is the dose of Soma® (carisoprodol) for an adult?

Muscle Spasm:

The recommended dose is 250 to 350 mg orally 3 times a day and at bedtime.

Duration of therapy: Up to 2 to 3 weeks.

What is the dose of Soma® (carisoprodol) for a child?

The dosage has not been established in pediatric patients. It may be unsafe for your child. It is always important to fully understand the safety of the drug before using. Please consult with your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

How is Soma® (carisoprodol) available?

Soma® is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • Tablet

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of Soma®, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: July 7, 2017 | Last Modified: September 13, 2019

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