What is sodium chloride?


Generic Name: Sodium Chloride Brand Name(s): Generics only. No brands available.

Know the basics

What is sodium chloride used for?

Sodium chloride is the chemical name for salt. Sodium is an electrolyte that regulates the amount of water in your body. Sodium also plays a part in nerve impulses and muscle contractions.

Sodium chloride is used to treat or prevent sodium loss caused by dehydration, excessive sweating, or other causes.

Sodium chloride may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

How should I take sodium chloride?

Take exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Take this medicine with a full glass (8 ounces) of water.

Sodium chloride may be taken with or without food.

To be sure this medication is helping your condition, your blood may need to be tested often. Visit your doctor regularly.

Do not share this medication with another person, even if they have the same symptoms you have.

Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve, or if they get worse while using sodium chloride.

Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.

How do I store sodium chloride?

Sodium chloride is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store sodium chloride in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of sodium chloride that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush sodium chloride down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Know the precautions & warnings

What should I know before using sodium chloride?

Some medical conditions may interact with saline bacteriostatic. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

Is it safe to take sodium chloride during pregnancy or breast-feeding?

There isn’t enough information about the safety of using this medication during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking this medication.

Know the side effects

What are the side effects of sodium chloride?

If any of the following side effects occur while taking sodium chloride, check with your doctor immediately:

  • fast heartbeat
  • fever
  • hives, itching, or rash
  • hoarseness
  • irritation
  • joint pain, stiffness, or swelling
  • redness of the skin
  • shortness of breath
  • swelling of the eyelids, face, lips, hands, or feet
  • tightness in the chest
  • troubled breathing or swallowing

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Know the interactions

What drugs may interact with sodium chloride?

Sodium chloride may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.

Does food or alcohol interact with sodium chloride?

Sodium chloride may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

What health conditions may interact with sodium chloride?

Sodium chloride may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.

Understand the dosage

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using this medication.

What is the dose of sodium chloride for an adult?

Refractory elevated ICP due to various etiologies (eg, subarachnoid hemorrhage, trauma, neoplasm), transtentorial herniation syndromes (unlabled use): IV: Hypertonic saline: 23,4 % (30-60 mL) given over 2-20 minutes administered via central venous access only.

Severe sepsis, initial fluid resuscitation: IV: Normal saline (0,9% NaCl), minimum of 30 mL/kg.

What is the dose of sodium chloride for a child?

Children IV: Hypertonic solutions (>0,9%) should only be used for the initial treatment of acute serious symptomatic hyponatremia or increased intracranial pressure in the setting of traumatic brain injury.

Maintenance: 3-4 mEq/kg/day; maximum: 100 – 150 mEq/day; dosage varies widely depending on clinical condition.

How is sodium chloride available?

Sodium chloride is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

Solution, Inhalation 0.9% (90 mL, 240 mL)

Gel: 14.1 g

Liquid, external 355 mL

Ointment, Ophthalmic 5% (3,5 g)

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of sodium chloride, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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