Oxymetholone

By Medically reviewed by hellodoktor

Generic Name: Oxymetholone Brand Name(s): Generics only. No brands available.

Uses

What is Oxymetholone used for?

Oxymetholone is a synthetic male hormone (androgen or anabolic steroid) used to treat a low red blood cell count (anemia). It works by increasing the amount of the hormone (erythropoietin) involved in the production of red blood cells.

How should I take Oxymetholone?

Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor. It may be taken with food or milk if stomach upset occurs. Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the same time(s) each day.

Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy.

Misuse or abuse of an anabolic steroid can cause serious side effects such as heart disease (including heart attack), stroke, liver disease, mental/mood problems, abnormal drug-seeking behavior, or improper bone growth (in adolescents). Do not increase your dose or use this drug more often or for longer than prescribed. When an anabolic steroid is misused or abused, you may have withdrawal symptoms (such as depression, irritability, tiredness) when you suddenly stop using the drug. These symptoms may last from weeks to months.

It may take between 3-6 months before a benefit from this medication occurs.

How do I store Oxymetholone?

Oxymetholone is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store Oxymetholone in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of Oxymetholone that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush Oxymetholone down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Precautions & warnings

What should I know before using Oxymetholone?

Before taking oxymetholone, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: breast cancer (males), breast cancer with high blood calcium levels (females), prostate cancer, severe kidney disease, severe liver disease.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney disease, liver disease, heart disease (e.g., congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease), swelling (edema, fluid retention), enlarged prostate, diabetes.

If you have diabetes, oxymetholone may increase your blood sugar level. Check your blood (or urine) glucose level frequently, as directed by your doctor and promptly report any abnormal results. Your diabetes medicines may need to be adjusted.

Caution is advised when using this drug in children because they may be more sensitive to its effects. This medication may stunt growth in children under 18 years of age. Periodic bone x-rays may be used to monitor the drug’s effects on bone growth. Oxymetholone may also affect sexual development in children. Consult your doctor for more details.

This medication must not be used during pregnancy due to the risk of harm to an unborn baby. If you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant, inform your doctor right away. It is recommended that young girls and women of child-bearing age use effective birth control while taking this drug.

It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. However, due to the potential harm to a nursing infant, breast-feeding is not recommended. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Is it safe during pregnancy or breast-feeding?

There are no adequate studies in women for determining risk when using this Oxymetholone during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking Oxymetholone. Oxymetholone is pregnancy risk category X according to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

FDA pregnancy risk category reference below:

  • A=No risk,
  • B=No risk in some studies,
  • C=There may be some risk,
  • D=Positive evidence of risk,
  • X=Contraindicated,
  • N=Unknown

Side effects

What side effects can occur from Oxymetholone?

Diarrhea, excitation, or trouble sleeping may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor right away if any of these serious side effects occur: mental/mood changes, swelling of the ankles/feet, unusual or rapid weight gain, trouble breathing, decreased/increased interest in sex, new or worsening acne.

Males before puberty – tell your doctor right away if any of these signs of maturation occur while taking this drug: enlargement of the penis, more frequent erections.

Adult males – tell your doctor right away if any of these serious side effects occur: hair loss, trouble urinating, changes in testicle size, impotence, breast tenderness/swelling.

For males, in the very unlikely event you have a painful or prolonged erection lasting 4 or more hours, stop using this drug and seek immediate medical attention, or permanent problems could occur.

Females (both young girls and women) may experience signs of masculinization. These changes may be irreversible. Discuss the risks and benefits of therapy with your doctor. Seek immediate medical attention if the following serious side effects occur: deepening of the voice/hoarseness, facial hair growth, new or worsening acne, clitoral enlargement, menstrual period changes.

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Interactions

What drugs may interact with Oxymetholone?

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use, especially of: warfarin.

This drug may affect the results of certain lab tests. Make sure laboratory personnel and your doctors know you use this drug.

Oxymetholone may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.

Does food or alcohol interact with Oxymetholone?

Oxymetholone may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

What health conditions may interact with Oxymetholone?

Oxymetholone may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.

Dosage

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using this Oxymetholone.

What is the dose of Oxymetholone for an adult?

Usual Adult Dose for Anemia

Anemias caused by deficient red cell production:

1 to 5 mg/kg/day orally. Usual effective dose is 1 to 2 mg/kg/day. Response is often not immediate. Give for a minimum trial of 3 to 6 months.

What is the dose of Oxymetholone for a child?

Usual Pediatric Dose for Anemia

Anemias caused by deficient red cell production:

1 to 5 mg/kg/day orally. Usual effective dose is 1 to 2 mg/kg/day. Response is often not immediate. Give for a minimum trial of 3 to 6 months.

Precautions

Anabolic/androgenic steroids should be used very cautiously in children and only by specialists who are aware of their effects on bone maturation.

Anabolic agents may accelerate epiphyseal maturation more rapidly than linear growth in children, and the effect may continue for 6 months after the drug has been stopped. Therefore, therapy should be monitored by X-ray studies at 6 month intervals in order to avoid the risk of compromising the adult height.

How is Oxymetholone available?

Oxymetholone is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • Oral tablet

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of Oxymetholone, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Review Date: April 5, 2018 | Last Modified: September 12, 2019

Sources