Kali clorid

By Medically reviewed by hellodoktor

Generic Name: Kali clorid Brand Name(s): Generics only. No brands available.

Uses

What is potassium chloride used for?

Potassium chloride is commonly used for treating or preventing low amounts of potassium in the blood. Some conditions that can lower your body’s potassium level including severe prolonged diarrhea and vomiting, hormone problems (such as hyperaldosteronism) or water pills/diuretics.

How should I take potassium chloride?

For orally taken form, you should:

  • Take potassium chloride bymouth as directed by your doctor concerning: dose, schedule.
  • Read the label carefully before using potassium chloride.
  • Consult your doctor for any information on the label that you do not clearly understand.

For injection form, you should:

  • Receive potassium chloride injected by health care professional in hospital by a dose calculated by your doctor.
  • Read the label carefully before using potassium chloride.
  • Consult your doctor for any information on the label that you do not clearly understand.

How do I store potassium chloride?

Potassium chloride is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store potassium chloride in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of potassium chloride that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush potassium chloride down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Precautions & warnings

What should I know before using potassium chloride?

Before using potassium chloride, tell your doctor if you have:

  • Allergic reaction to excipients using for dosage form containing potassium chloride.
  • Allergic reaction to any other medicines, foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals.
  • Used any other health conditions, drugs that have a risk of interaction with potassium chloride.

Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?

There are no adequate studies in women for determining risk when using potassium chloride during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking potassium chloride. Potassium chloride is pregnancy risk category C, according to the us food and drug administration (FDA).

FDA pregnancy risk category reference below:

  • A=no risk
  • B=no risk in some studies
  • C=there may be some risk
  • D=positive evidence of risk
  • X=contraindicated
  • N=unknown

 

Side effects

What side effects can occur from potassium chloride?

As taking others medicines, taking potassium chloride can cause some side effects. Most of them are rarely occurring and do not need any supplementary treatment. However, it is always important for you to consult your doctor if you have any problem after taking this medicine.

Some of side effects are listed below:

  • Confusion
  • Anxiety
  • Uneven heartbeat
  • Extreme thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Leg discomfort
  • Muscle weakness or limp feeling
  • Numbness or tingly feeling in your hands or feet, or around your mouth
  • Severe stomach pain
  • Ongoing diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Black, bloody, or tarry stools
  • Coughing up blood
  • Mild nausea or upset stomach
  • Mild or occasional diarrhea
  • Slight tingling in your hands or feet
  • Appearance of a potassium chloride tablet in your stool

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Interactions

What drugs may interact with potassium chloride?

Potassium chloride may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.

Products may interact with this drug, including:

  • Potassium-sparing diuretics (spironolactone, triamterene, or amiloride)
  • Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (captopril, enalapril)
  • Eplerenone (inspra)
  • Digoxin (digitalis, lanoxin)
  • Quinidine (quinaglute, quinidex, quin-release)
  • A bronchodilator such as ipratroprium (atrovent) or tiotropium (spiriva)

Does food or alcohol interact with potassium chloride?

Potassium chloride may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

What health conditions may interact with potassium chloride?

Potassium chloride may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.

Products may interact with this drug including:

  • Kidney disease
  • Heart disease or high blood pressure
  • A blockage in your stomach or intestines
  • Chronic diarrhea (such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease)

Dosage

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should always consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using potassium chloride.

What is the dose of potassium chloride for an adult?

Consult your doctor for information about the dose of potassium chloride.

Recommended doses in some cases are listed below:

  • Usual oral dose for hypokalemia is 40 to 100 mEq, once a day given in equally divided doses using formulations which include normal-release tablets or capsules, extended-release tablets or capsules, dissolvable tablets, oral solution or powder for dissolution mixed with an appropriate volume of water or juice.
  • Usual oral dose for prevention of hypokalemia is 10 to 20 mEq orally once a day given in equally divided doses using formulations which include normal-release tablets or capsules, extended-release tablets or capsules, dissolvable tablets, oral solution or powder for dissolution mixed with an appropriate volume of water or juice.

What is the dose of potassium chloride for a child?

Consult your doctor for information about the dose of potassium chloride

Recommended doses in some cases are listed below:

  • Usual oral pediatric dose for hypokalemia is 2 to 5 mEq/kg/day in divided doses; not to exceed 1 to 2 mEq/kg as a single dose; if deficits are severe or ongoing losses are great, IV route should be considered preferred route of administration.
  • Normal oral daily requirements are 2 to 6 mEq/kg/day for infants and 2 to 3 meq/kg/day for children.

How is potassium chloride available?

Potassium chloride is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • K-lor 20 mEq (potassium chloride for oral solution, usp)

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of potassium chloride, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

Hello health group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Review Date: January 7, 2017 | Last Modified: September 12, 2019

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