Gonadotropins

By Medically reviewed by hellodoktor

Generic Name: Gonadotropins Brand Name(s): Generics only. No brands available.

Uses

What is gonadotropins used for?

Gonadotropins are commonly used for causing ovulation, treating infertility in women, and increasing sperm count in men. HCG is also used in young boys when their testicles have not dropped down into the scrotum normally.

How should I take gonadotropins?

For injection form, you should:

  • Receive gonadotropins injected by health care professional in hospital by a dose calculated by your doctor.
  • Read the label carefully before using gonadotropins.
  • Consult your doctor for any information on the label that you do not clearly understand.

How do I store gonadotropins?

Gonadotropins is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store gonadotropins in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of gonadotropins that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush gonadotropins down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Precautions & warnings

What should I know before using gonadotropins?

Before using gonadotropins, tell your doctor if you have:

  • Allergic reaction to excipients using for dosage form containing gonadotropins.
  • Allergic reaction to any other medicines, foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals.
  • Used any other health conditions, drugs that have a risk of interaction with gonadotropins.

Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?

There are no adequate studies in women for determining risk when using gonadotropins during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking gonadotropins. Gonadotropins is pregnancy risk category X, according to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

FDA pregnancy risk category reference below:

  • A=No risk
  • B=No risk in some studies
  • C=There may be some risk
  • D=Positive evidence of risk
  • X=Contraindicated
  • N=Unknown

Side effects

What side effects can occur from gonadotropins?

As taking others medicines, taking Gonadotropin can cause some side effects. Most of them are rarely occurring and do not need any supplementary treatment. However, it is always important for you to consult your doctor if you have any problem after taking this medicine.

Some of side effects are listed below:

  • Severe pelvic pain
  • Swelling of the hands or legs
  • Stomach pain and swelling
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weight gain
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Urinating less than normal
  • Headache
  • Feeling restless or irritable
  • Mild swelling or water weight gain
  • Depression
  • Breast tenderness or swelling
  • Pain, swelling, or irritation (where the injection is given)

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Interactions

What drugs may interact with gonadotropins?

Gonadotropins may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.

Products may interact with this drug, such as:

  • Antagon
  • Follicle stimulating hormone
  • Follistim / Antagon
  • Ganirelix

Does food or alcohol interact with gonadotropins?

Gonadotropins may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

What health conditions may interact with gonadotropins?

Gonadotropins may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.

Some health conditions could occur when using this drug, such as:

  • Thyroid or adrenal gland disorder
  • Ovarian cyst
  • Premature puberty
  • Cancer or a tumor of the breast, ovary, uterus, prostate, hypothalamus, or pituitary gland
  • Undiagnosed uterine bleeding
  • Heart disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Migraines
  • Asthma

Dosage

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using gonadotropins.

What is the dose of gonadotropins for an adult?

Consult your doctor for information about the dose of gonadotropins.

Recommended doses in some cases are listed below:

  • For ovulation induction, the recommended dose is 5000 to 10,000 units IM one day following last day of menotropins.
  • For hypogonadism in male, the recommended dose is 500 to 1000 units IM three times a week for 3 weeks, followed by the same dose twice a week for 3 weeks or 4000 units IM three times a week for 6 to 9 months, followed by 2000 units three times a week for an additional 3 months.

What is the dose of gonadotropins for a child?

Consult your doctor for information about the dose of gonadotropins.

Recommended doses for prepubertal cryptorchidism are 4000 units IM three times a week for 3 weeks or, 5000 units IM on every other day for four injections or, 500 to 1000 units IM for 15 injections over a period of 6 weeks or, 500 units three times a week for 4 to 6 weeks; if not successful, may repeat series at 1000 units dosage one month later.

How is gonadotropins available?

Gonadotropins is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • Lyophilized powder for injection: 5000 IU, 10000 IU.

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of Gonadotropin, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Review Date: January 7, 2017 | Last Modified: September 12, 2019

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