What is Buspar® (buspirone) used for?
Buspar® is an anti-anxiety medicine that affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced in people with anxiety.
Buspar® is not an anti-psychotic medication and should not be used in place of medication prescribed by your doctor for mental illness.
Buspar® may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
How should I take Buspar® (buspirone)?
Take Buspar® exactly as it was prescribed for you. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
You may take Buspar® with or without food but take it the same way each time.
Some Buspar® tablets are scored so you can break the tablet into 2 or 3 pieces in order to take a smaller amount of the medicine at each dose. Do not use a tablet if it has not been broken correctly and the piece is too big or too small.
If you have switched to Buspar® from another anxiety medication, you may need to slowly decrease your dose of the other medication rather than stopping suddenly. Some anxiety medications can cause withdrawal symptoms when you stop taking them suddenly after long-term use.
Buspirone can cause false positive results with certain medical tests. You may need to stop using the medicine for at least 48 hours before your test. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using Buspar®.
How do I store Buspar® (buspirone)?
Buspar® is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store Buspar® in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of Buspar® that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.
You should not flush Buspar® down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.
Precautions & warnings
What should I know before using Buspar® (buspirone)?
Before using this drug, tell your doctor if:
- You are pregnant or breastfeeding. This is because, while you are expecting or feeding a baby, you should only take medicines on the recommendation of a doctor.
- You are taking any other medicines. This includes any medicines you are taking which are available to buy without a prescription, such as herbal and complementary medicines.
- You have allergy with any of active or inactive ingredients of Buspar® or other medications.
- You have any other illnesses, disorders, or medical conditions.
Do not use Buspar® if you have taken an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days. A dangerous drug interaction could occur. MAO inhibitors include isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, and tranylcypromine.
Buspar® is not expected to harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment.
It is not known whether Buspar® passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding a baby.
Buspirone is not approved for use by anyone younger than 18 years old.
Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?
There are no adequate studies in women for determining risk when using Buspar® during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking Buspar®. Buspar® is pregnancy risk category B, according to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
FDA pregnancy risk category reference below:
- A=No risk
- B=No risk in some studies
- C=There may be some risk
- D=Positive evidence of risk
What side effects can occur from Buspar® (buspirone)?
Common side effects may include:
- Sleep problems (insomnia)
- Upset stomach
- Feeling nervous or excited
Call your doctor at once if you have:
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- A light-headed feeling, like you might pass out
Get emergency medical help if you have any signs of an allergic reaction to Buspar®: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.
What drugs may interact with Buspar® (buspirone)?
Buspar® may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.
Does food or alcohol interact with Buspar® (buspirone)?
Buspar® may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.
What health conditions may interact with Buspar® (buspirone)?
Buspar® may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.
Health conditions that may interact with this drug are:
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using Buspar® (buspirone).
What is the dose of Buspar® (buspirone) for an adult?
Usual Adult Dose for Anxiety:
Initial dose: The recommended dose is 7.5 mg orally two times a day or 5 mg 3 times a day.
Maintenance dose: The daily dose may be increased in 5 mg increments every 2 to 3 days up to 20 to 60 mg/day in divided doses.
Maximum dose: The recommended dose is 60 mg per day.
What is the dose of Buspar® (buspirone) for a child?
Usual Pediatric Dose for Anxiety:
6 to 18 years:
Initial dose: The recommended dose is 2.5 to 10 mg daily.
Maintenance dose: The daily dose may be increased in 2.5 mg increments every 2 to 3 days to 15 to 60 mg/day given in 2 divided doses.
Anxiety and Moderately Severe Aggression:
5 to 15 years: The recommended dose is 5 mg daily, titrated upwards every 3 days by 5 to 10 mg, to a maximum of 50 mg daily dose.
Anxiety and Irritability in Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders:
6 to 17 years: The recommended dose is 5 mg three times daily, titrated to a maximum of 45 mg/day within 3 weeks.
How is Buspar® (buspirone) available?
Buspar® is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:
- Tablet: Buspirone hydrochloride 5mg
What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?
In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.
What should I do if I miss a dose?
If you miss a dose of Buspar®, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: July 19, 2017 | Last Modified: September 13, 2019
Buspar®. https://www.drugs.com/buspar.html. Accessed July 17, 2017
Buspar®. http://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-9036/buspar-oral/details. Accessed July 17, 2017