Generic Name: Betaxolol Brand Name(s): Generics only. No brands available. Avability: Rx Pregnancy Category: C

Uses

What is Betaxolol used for?

Betaxolol is used to treat high blood pressure. Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. Betaxolol belongs to a class of drugs known as beta blockers. It works by blocking the action of certain natural chemicals in your body such as epinephrine that affect the heart and blood vessels. This results in a lowering of the heart rate and blood pressure.

How should I take Betaxolol?

Take this medication by mouth, usually once daily with or without food or as directed by your doctor.

Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. Patients with kidney disease should not take more than 20 milligrams daily.

Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day.

It is important to continue taking this medication even if you feel well. Most people with high blood pressure do not feel sick.

For the treatment of high blood pressure, it may take several months before the full benefit of this drug takes effect.

Inform your doctor if your condition worsens (e.g., your routine blood pressure readings increase).

How do I store Betaxolol?

Betaxolol is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store Betaxolol in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of Betaxolol that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush Betaxolol down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Precautions & warnings

What should I know before using Betaxolol?

Before taking betaxolol, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other beta blockers (e.g., atenolol, metoprolol); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking this medication.

To minimize dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a sitting or lying position.

Kidney function declines as you grow older. This medication is removed by the kidneys. Therefore, elderly people may be at a greater risk for slowed heartbeat while using this drug.

This drug should be used only if clearly needed during pregnancy. Newborns whose mothers have taken this drug near the date of delivery may have problems such as low blood pressure, low heart rate and low birth weight, and may require special medical monitoring. Discuss the risks and benefits of taking this medication during pregnancy with your doctor.

This medication passes into breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Is it safe during pregnancy or breast-feeding?

There are no adequate studies in women for determining risk when using this Betaxolol during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking Betaxolol. Betaxolol is pregnancy risk category C according to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

FDA pregnancy risk category reference below:

  • A=No risk,
  • B=No risk in some studies,
  • C=There may be some risk,
  • D=Positive evidence of risk,
  • X=Contraindicated,
  • N=Unknown

Side effects

What side effects can occur from Betaxolol?

Dizziness, lightheadedness, drowsiness, and headache may occur as your body adjusts to the medication. Trouble sleeping, decreased sexual ability, stomach upset, nausea, diarrhea, sore throat, cold hands and feet, dry eyes, tingling, numbness, and weakness may also occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

This drug may reduce blood flow to your hands and feet, causing them to feel cold. Smoking may worsen this effect. Avoid tobacco use and dress warmly.

Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: new or worsening symptoms of heart failure (such as shortness of breath, swelling ankles/feet, unusual tiredness, unusual/sudden weight gain), slow/irregular heartbeat, back pain, mental/mood changes (e.g., depression, hallucinations), trouble breathing, joint pain, easy bruising/bleeding, increased thirst/urination, vision changes, slow wound healing, sweating, confusion, fainting, stomach/abdominal pain, blue fingers/toes/nails, finger/toe/leg cramps.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may include: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Interactions

What drugs may interact with Betaxolol?

Some products that may interact with this drug are: epinephrine, fenoldopam, fingolimod, general anesthesia, other heart drugs (e.g., digoxin), other drugs to treat high blood pressure (e.g., clonidine, reserpine), St John’s wort.

Some products have ingredients that could raise your blood pressure. Tell your pharmacist what products you are using, and ask how to use them safely (especially cough-and-cold products, diet aids, or NSAIDs such as ibuprofen/naproxen).

This medication may interfere with glaucoma screening tests, possibly causing false test results. Make sure your eye doctor knows you use this drug.

Betaxolol may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.

Does food or alcohol interact with Betaxolol?

Betaxolol may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

This drug may make you dizzy. Alcohol or marijuana can make you more dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness until you can do it safely. Limit alcoholic beverages. Talk to your doctor if you are using marijuana.

What health conditions may interact with Betaxolol?

Betaxolol may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.

This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: certain types of irregular heartbeats (e.g., sinus bradycardia, second- or third-degree atrioventricular block), a certain serious heart condition (cardiogenic shock), uncontrolled severe heart failure, a certain type of tumor (untreated pheochromocytoma).

Before taking this drug, tell your doctor if you have a history of: heart disease, kidney disease, liver disease, breathing problems (e.g., asthma, chronic obstructive lung disease-COPD), blood circulation problems (e.g., Raynaud’s disease), skin conditions (e.g., psoriasis), mental/mood disorders (e.g., depression), diabetes, glaucoma, certain muscle disease (myasthenia gravis), overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism).

If you have diabetes, this medication may mask the fast/pounding heartbeat you would usually feel when your blood sugar level falls too low (hypoglycemia). Other symptoms of a low blood sugar level such as dizziness or sweating are unaffected by this drug.

Dosage

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using this Betaxolol.

What is the dose of Betaxolol for an adult?

Usual Adult Dose for Hypertension

Initial dose: 10 mg orally once a day

Dose titration: If desired response is not achieved after 1 to 2 weeks, dose may be doubled.

Maximum dose: 40 mg per day

Comments:

-Doses greater than 20 mg once a day did not result in significant additional antihypertensive effects; however, the 40 mg dose has been studied and was well tolerated.

Use: Management of hypertension alone or with another antihypertensive agent, especially thiazide diuretics

Renal Dose Adjustments

Mild to moderate renal impairment: No adjustment recommended

Severe renal impairment: Initial dose: 5 mg orally once a day; may increase in 5 mg increments every 2 weeks as needed to a maximum dose of 20 mg orally once a day.

Liver Dose Adjustments

No adjustment recommended.

Dose Adjustments

Bronchospastic disease:

-Use not recommended

-However, if use is necessary, use the lowest possible dose and ensure a bronchodilator is available.

-For doses over 10 mg, consider dividing dosage to avoid higher peak blood levels associated with once a day dosing.

Dialysis

Hemodialysis:

-Initial dose: 5 mg orally once a day

-If response not achieved, increase dose in 5 mg increments every 2 weeks.

-Maximum dose: 20 mg/day

Peritoneal dialysis: This drug is dialyzable; however, no dose adjustment guidelines have been provided.

What is the dose of Betaxolol for a child?

The dosage has not been established in pediatric patients. It may be unsafe for your child. It is always important to fully understand the safety of the drug before using. Please consult with your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

How is Betaxolol available?

Betaxolol is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • Oral tablet.

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of Betaxolol, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

 

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: November 6, 2018 | Last Modified: November 6, 2018

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