What is adenosine used for?
Adenosine is commonly used for treating certain types of abnormal heartbeats.
It is used during a stress test of the heart.
It may be given to you for other reasons. Talk with the doctor.
How should I take adenosine?
Use adenosine as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.
It is given as a shot into a vein.
How do I store adenosine?
Adenosine is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store adenosine in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of adenosine that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.
You should not flush adenosine down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.
Precautions & warnings
What should I know before using adenosine?
Before using this drug, tell your doctor if:
- You are pregnant or breastfeeding. This is because, while you are expecting or feeding a baby, you should only take medicines on the recommendation of a doctor.
- You are taking any other medicines. This includes any medicines you are taking which are available to buy without a prescription, such as herbal and complementary medicines.
- You have allergy with any of active or inactive ingredients of adenosine or other medications.
- You have any other illnesses, disorders, or medical conditions.
- You are allergic to any drugs like this one, any other drugs, foods, or other substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had, like rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
- You have any of these health problems: Certain types of abnormal heartbeats (heart block, sick sinus syndrome) without a working pacemaker.
- You have a certain type of chest pain (unstable angina).
- You have any of these health problems: Asthma or other breathing problems like COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).
Tell all of your health care providers that you take this medicine. This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists.
Have an ECG checked often. Talk with your doctor.
High or low blood pressure may happen with adenosine. Have your blood pressure checked as you have been told by your doctor.
Avoid use of caffeine (for example, tea, coffee, cola) and chocolate.
If you are taking aminophylline, dipyridamole, theophylline, or any drug containing caffeine, talk with doctor. These drugs can affect how well this medicine works.
Heart attacks and very bad fast heartbeat have rarely happened with adenosine. Sometimes this has been deadly. Talk with the doctor.
Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?
There are no adequate studies in women for determining risk when using adenosine during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking adenosine. Adenosine is pregnancy risk category C, according to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
FDA pregnancy risk category reference below:
- A=No risk
- B=No risk in some studies
- C=There may be some risk
- D=Positive evidence of risk
What side effects can occur from adenosine?
Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:
- Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat
- Signs of high or low blood pressure like very bad headache or dizziness, passing out, change in eyesight
- Weakness on 1 side of the body, trouble speaking or thinking, change in balance, drooping on one side of the face, or blurred eyesight
- Chest pain or pressure
- Fast or slow heartbeat
- A heartbeat that does not feel normal
- Shortness of breath
- Throat, neck, or jaw pain
- Belly pain
Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.
What drugs may interact with adenosine?
Adenosine may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.
Does food or alcohol interact with adenosine?
Adenosine may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.
What health conditions may interact with adenosine?
Adenosine may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using adenosine.
What is the dose of adenosine for an adult?
For certain types of irregular heartbeat and also for weight loss in people with advanced cancer: Healthcare providers give adenosine as a shot (by injection).
For treating wounds in the legs due to poor blood circulation: Healthcare providers give adenosine intramuscularly (by injection into the muscle).
What is the dose of adenosine for a child?
The dosage has not been established in pediatric patients. It may be unsafe for your child. It is always important to fully understand the safety of the drug before using. Please consult with your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
How is adenosine available?
Adenosine is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:
- Injection solution
What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?
In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.
What should I do if I miss a dose?
If you miss a dose of adenosine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: September 18, 2017 | Last Modified: September 19, 2017
Alclometasone. http://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-7910/alclometasone-topical/details. Accessed September 18, 2017
Alclometasone. https://www.drugs.com/dosage/alclometasone-topical.html. Accessed September 18, 2017