Albuterol

By Medically reviewed by hellodoktor

Generic Name: Albuterol Brand Name(s): Albuterol.

Know the basics

What is albuterol used for?

Albuterol (Ventolin®) is a bronchodilator, commonly used for treating or preventing bronchospasm in people with reversible obstructive airway disease. Also, albuterol is used to prevent exercise, induced bronchospasm.

How should I take albuterol?

For orally taken form, you should: 

  • Take albuterol by mouth as directed by your doctor concerning: dose, schedule;
  • Read the label carefully before using albuterol;
  • Consult your doctor for any information on the label that you do not clearly understand.

For other forms, you should: 

  • Read the label carefully before using albuterol hydrochloride;
  • Consult your doctor for any information on the label that you do not clearly understand.

How do I store albuterol?

Albuterol is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store albuterol in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of albuterol that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush albuterol down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Know the precautions & warnings

What should I know before using albuterol?

Before using albuterol, tell your doctor if you have:

  • Allergic reaction: to albuterol, excipients using for dosage form containing albuterol. The information is detailed in the leaflet;
  • Allergic reaction to any other medicines, foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals;
  • Pediatric;
  • Geriatric
  • Used any other health conditions, drugs that have a risk of interaction with albuterol.

Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?

There isn’t enough information about the safety of using albuterol during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking albuterol.

Know the side effects

What side effects can occur from albuterol?

As taking others medicines, taking albuterol can cause some side effects. Most of them are rarely occurring and do not need any supplementary treatment. However, it is always important for you to consult your doctor if you have any problem after taking this medicine.

Some of side effects are listed below:

  • Shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet;
  • Trembling or shaking of the hands or feet;
  • Fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse;

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Know the interactions

What drugs may interact with albuterol?

Albuterol may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval, such as beta-blockers.

Does food or alcohol interact with albuterol?

Albuterol may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

What health conditions may interact with albuterol?

Albuterol may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.

  • Cardiovascular;
  • Diabetes;
  • Hypokalemia;
  • Seizures;
  • Renal Dysfu.

Understand the dosage

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using albuterol.

What is the dose of albuterol for an adult?

Consult your doctor for information about the dose of albuterol hydrochloride. Recommended doses in some cases are listed below:

Rotacaps

  • Bronchospasm and control asthma levels: 200 or 400 mg, can be used as a single dose.
  • Preventive maintenance dose for chronic disease: 400 mg, 3 or 4 times a day. The dose for preventing bronchial spasms due to excessive movement: 400 mg, taken before exercise.

Syrup

  • Adults: 10 ml, 3 or 4 times a day.

Aerosol

  • For bronchospasm levels and to control intermittent asthma: a single dose may be 1 or 2 inhalations.
  • For prophylaxis or chronic maintenance: 2 times 3 or 4 used inhaled once daily.
  • For bronchospasm caused by exercise: use 2 inhalations before exercise.

Nebules

  • Adults: starting dose suitable for use moist snuff is 2.5 mg salbutamol. This dose may be increased to 5 mg and can repeat 4 times daily.

What is the dose of albuterol for a child?

Consult your doctor for information about the dose of albuterol hydrochloride. Recommended doses in some cases are listed below:

Rotacaps

  • Controlled asthma can cycle or before exercise: 200 mg. Preventive maintenance doses daily or 200 mg, 3 or 4 times to use each day.

Syrup

  • Children under 6 years old – 12 years old: 5 ml, 3 or 4 times a day.
  • Children 6-2 years: 2.5-5 ml, 3 to 4 times per day.

Aerosol

  • The dose of 1 inhalation is recommended for use to reduce the level of bronchial spasms, asthma control and before strenuous exercise.
  • Preventive doses or daily maintenance: 1 inhalation, 3 or 4 times a day. May rise to 2 inhalations if necessary.

Nebules

  • Starting dose is 2.5 mg salbutamol. This dose may be increased to 5 mg and can repeat 4 times daily.

How is albuterol available?

 Albuterol  is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • Rotating capsules (rotacaps) for inhalation of 200 mg: 10.
  • Expectorant syrup 2 mg / 5 ml: 100 ml bottle.
  • Aerosols (aerosols) 100 mg / dose: aerosol 200 doses.
  • Respiratory solution (solution respirator) 5 mg / ml: 20 ml bottle.
  • Aerosol (nebules): 2.5 mg x 2.5 ml tubes.
  • Aerosol (nebules): 5mg x 2.5 ml tubes.

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services (115) or go to your nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of albuterol, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: September 23, 2016 | Last Modified: September 13, 2019

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