What is acid tranexamic used for?
Acid tranexamic is commonly used short-term in people with a certain type of bleeding disorder (hemophilia) to prevent and reduce bleeding from having a tooth pulled (extraction). It is also used in people with other high-risk bleeding conditions to control bleeding at such times as after surgery or an injury, during heavy nosebleeds, or during heavy menstrual bleeding.
Tranexamic acid works by helping the blood clot normally to prevent and stop prolonged bleeding. It belongs to a class of drugs known as antifibrinolytics.
How should I take acid tranexamic ?
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with or without food.
How do I store acid tranexamic ?
Acid tranexamic is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store acid tranexamic in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of acid tranexamic that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.
You should not flush acid tranexamic down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.
Precautions & warnings
What should I know before using acid tranexamic?
Consult with your doctor or pharmacist, if:
- You are pregnant or breastfeeding. This is because, while you are expecting or feeding a baby, you should only take medicines on the recommendation of a doctor.
- You are taking any other medicines. This includes any medicines you are taking which are available to buy without a prescription, such as herbal and complementary medicines.
- You have allergy with acid tranexamic or other medications.
Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?
There are no adequate studies in women for determining risk when using acid tranexamic during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking acid tranexamic. Acid tranexamic is pregnancy risk category B, according to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
FDA pregnancy risk category reference below:
- A=No risk;
- B=No risk in some studies;
- C=There may be some risk;
- D=Positive evidence of risk;
What side effects can occur from acid tranexamic?
Acid tranexamic may cause these side effects, such as:
- Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or dizziness;
- Chest/jaw/left arm pain;
- Sudden shortness of breath;
- Coughing up blood;
- Pain/swelling/warmth in the groin/calf;
- Swelling/weakness/redness/pain in the arms/legs;
- Slurred speech;
- Weakness on one side of the body;
- Vision changes.
Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.
What drugs may interact with acid tranexamic?
Acid tranexamic may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.
- Blood thinners or anticoagulants such as warfarin, heparin;
- Drugs that prevent bleeding including factor IXcomplex, anti-inhibitor coagulant concentrates;
- Estrogens, hormonal birth control such as pills, patch, ring.
Does food or alcohol interact with acid tranexamic?
Acid tranexamic may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.
What health conditions may interact with acid tranexamic ?
Acid tranexamic may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have, especially:
- Current blood clots (e.g., in the legs, lungs, brain, eye);
- Bleeding in the brain(subarachnoid hemorrhage);
- Color vision problems.
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using this medication.
What is the dose of acid tranexamic for an adult?
Menorrhagia: 2 tablets 3 times daily as long as needed for up to 4 days. If menstrual bleeds very heavy, dosage may be increased. A total dose of 4g daily (8 tablets) should not be exceeded. Treatment with tranexamic acid should not be initiated until menstrual bleeding has started.
Epistaxis: when repeated bleeding is anticipated oral therapy (2 tablets three times daily) should be administered for 7 days.
Cervix Conisation: 3 tablets three times daily.
Traumatic Hyphaema: 2-3 tablets 3 times daily. The dose is based on 25mg/kg three times a day.
Haemophilia: 2-3 tablets every eight hours. The dose is based on 25mg/kg.
Hereditary angioneurotic oedema 2-3 tablets two to three times daily for some days.
What is the dose of acid tranexamic for a child?
The dosage has not been established in pediatric patients. It may be unsafe for your child. It is always important to fully understand the safety of the drug before using. Please consult with your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
How is acid tranexamic available?
Acid tranexamic is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:
- Tranexamic acid 500/650 mg Tablets.
What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?
In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services (115) or go to your nearest emergency room.
What should I do if I miss a dose?
If you miss a dose of acid tranexamic, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Tranexamic Acid. http://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-32677-9199/tranexamic-acid-oral/tranexamic-acid-500-milligram-tablet---oral/details#precautions. Accessed September 24, 2016.
Tranexamic Acid. http://reference.medscape.com/drug/lysteda-tranexamic-acid-oral-999903. Accessed September 25, 2016.
Review Date: October 12, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017