What is Rubella vaccine used for?
Rubella vaccine is called MMR, containing measles, mumps, and rubella combination vaccines. MMR vaccine is very safe and effective. MMR vaccine is the best way to protect children against rubella and to prevent them from spreading the disease to pregnant women and their unborn babies.
It works by stimulating the body to produce antibodies to rubella to help protect people from getting rubella.
Rubella vaccine may be prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
How should I take Rubella vaccine?
Use rubella virus vaccine as directed by your doctor:
- Rubella virus vaccine is usually given by your health care provider.
- If you are using rubella virus vaccine at home, carefully follow the injection procedures trained to you by your health care provider.
- If rubella virus vaccine contains particles or is discolored, or if the vial is cracked or damaged in any way, do not use it.
- Keep this product, as well as syringes and needles, out of the reach of children and away from pets. Do not reuse needles, syringes, or other materials. Dispose of properly after use.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Rubella vaccine.
How do I store Rubella vaccine?
Rubella vaccine is best stored in the refrigerator. To prevent drug damage, do not freeze. There may be different brands of Rubella vaccine that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.
You should not flush Rubella vaccine down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.
Precautions & warnings
What should I know before using Rubella vaccine?
Consult with your doctor or pharmacist, if:
- You are pregnant or breastfeeding. This is because, while you are expecting or feeding a baby, you should only take medicines on the recommendation of a doctor.
- You are taking any other medicines. This includes any medicines you are taking which are available to buy without a prescription, such as herbal and complementary medicines.
- You have allergy with any of active or inactive ingredients of Rubella vaccine or other medications.
- You have any other illnesses, disorders, or medical conditions, such as stomach or bowel problems, liver problems or unexplained abnormal liver function tests, or kidney problems.
- You have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals.
People should not take Rubella vaccine or should wait, if:
- Anyone who has ever had a life-threatening allergic reaction to the antibiotic neomycin.
- Anyone who had a life-threatening allergic reaction to a previous dose of MMR or MMRV vaccine should not get another dose.
- Some people who are sick at the time the shot is scheduled may be advised to wait until they recover before getting MMR vaccine.
Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?
There are no adequate studies in women for determining risk when using Rubella vaccine during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking Rubella vaccine. Rubella vaccine is pregnancy risk category X, according to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
FDA pregnancy risk category reference below:
- A=No risk
- B=No risk in some studies
- C=There may be some risk
- D=Positive evidence of risk
Women should avoid getting pregnant for 4 weeks after vaccination with Rubella vaccine.
Unknown if measles and mumps excreted in breast milk; rubella is excreted in milk; use caution.
Always consult your health care provider prior to using Rubella vaccine if you are pregnant, breastfeeding.
What side effects can occur from Rubella vaccine?
Here are mild side effects:
- Mild rash
- Swelling of glands in the cheeks or neck
Moderate side effects:
- Seizure (jerking or staring) caused by fever
- Temporary pain and stiffness in the joints, mostly in teenage or adult women
- Temporary low platelet count
Severe side effects:
- Serious allergic reaction
- Long-term seizures, coma, or lowered consciousness
- Permanent brain damage
Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.
What drugs may interact with Rubella vaccine?
Rubella vaccine may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.
Do not take Rubella vaccine when you are using:
- Corticosteroids (e.g., prednisone) because the effectiveness of rubella virus vaccine may be decreased, or risk of infection may be increased.
- Immuno-suppressants (e.g., cyclosporine) because the effectiveness of rubella virus vaccine may be decreased.
Does food or alcohol interact with Rubella vaccine?
Rubella vaccine may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.
What health conditions may interact with Rubella vaccine?
Rubella vaccine may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have, such as:
- Another disease affecting the immune system
- Any kind of cancer
- Low platelet count (a blood disorder)
- Transfusion or received other blood products
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using Rubella vaccine.
What is the dose of Rubella vaccine for an adult?
If you were born during or after 1957, and you never had rubella or has never been getting Rubella vaccine, should receive at least one dose of MMR vaccine.
If you are not sure if you are protected against rubella, first try to find your vaccination records or documentation of rubella immunity. In case that you do not have written documentation of rubella immunity, you should get MMR vaccine.
Another option is to have a doctor test your blood to determine whether you’re immune, but this is likely to cost more and will take two doctor’s visits.
There is no harm in getting another dose of MMR vaccine if you may already be immune to rubella.
What is the dose of Rubella vaccine for a child?
Children should get 2 doses of MMR vaccine:
- First dose: 12–15 months of age.
- Second dose: 4–6 years of age (may be given earlier, if at least 28 days after the 1st dose). Some infants younger than 12 months should get a dose of MMR if they are traveling out of the country.
MMR vaccine is licensed for children 12 months to 12 years old and may be used in place of MMR vaccine if varicella vaccination is also needed. A health care provider can help decide which vaccine to use.
How is Rubella vaccine available?
Rubella vaccine is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:
- MMR comes as white powder in glass vials. It is reconstituted with a special diluent to make 0.5ml solution suitable for injection.
What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?
In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.
It is also important to carry a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines you are taking with you in case of emergencies.
What should I do if I miss a dose?
If you miss a dose of Rubella vaccine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Vaccine Rubella. http://reference.medscape.com/drug/mmrii-measles-mumps-and-rubella-vaccine-live-343159#6. Accessed November 10, 2016
Vaccine Rubella. http://www.immunize.org/vis/mmr.pdf. Accessed November 10, 2016
Vaccine Rubella. https://www.drugs.com/cdi/rubella-virus-vaccine.html. Accessed November 10, 2016
Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017