Sodium chloride

By Medically reviewed by hellodoktor

Generic Name: Sodium chloride Brand Name(s): Generics only. No brands available.


What is sodium chloride used for?

Sodium chloride is commonly used for preventing or treating sodium loss due to excessive sweating or dehydration.

This is an electrolyte supplement, working by supplying a source of sodium for the body. Sodium chloride solution may be mixed with other medications given by injection into a vein.

Sodium chloride drops are used for:

  • Temporarily treating swelling of the cornea of the eye.
  • Washing out the disturbance in your eyes.

How should I take sodium chloride?

  • Take exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.
  • Take this medicine with a full glass (8 ounces) of water.
  • Sodium chloride may be taken with or without food.
  • To be sure this medication is helping your condition, your blood may need to be tested often. Visit your doctor regularly.
  • Do not share this medication with another person, even if they have the same symptoms you have.
  • Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve, or if they get worse while using sodium chloride.

Sodium chloride drops

  • To use sodium chloride drops in the eye, wash your hands first. Tilt your head back. Using your index finger, pull the lower eyelid away from the eye to form a pouch. Drop the medicine into the pouch and gently close your eyes. Immediately use your finger to apply pressure to the inside corner of the eye for 1 to 2 minutes. Do not blink. Remove excess medicine around your eye with a clean tissue, being careful not to touch your eye. Wash your hands to remove any medicine that may be on them. To prevent germs from contaminating your medicine, do not touch the applicator tip to any surface, including your eye. Keep the container tightly closed.
  • Do not use sodium chloride drops if it changes color or is cloudy.
  • If you miss a dose of sodium chloride drops, use it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not use 2 doses at once.

Sodium chloride injection

  • When diluting or dissolving drugs, mix thoroughly and use promptly.
  • Do not store reconstituted solutions of drugs for injection unless directed by the manufacturer of the solute.
  • Do not use unless the solution is clear and seal intact.

How do I store sodium chloride?

Sodium chloride is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store sodium chloride in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of sodium chloride that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush sodium chloride down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Precautions & warnings

What should I know before using sodium chloride?

You should not take sodium chloride if you have ever had an allergic reaction to it, or if you have high sodium levels in your blood.

Sodium chloride drops may be harmful if swallowed. If you may have taken sodium chloride drops by mouth, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately.

To make sure you can safely take sodium chloride, tell your doctor if you have any of these other conditions:

  • High blood pressure;
  • Kidney disease;
  • Liver disease (especially cirrhosis);
  • A buildup of fluid around your lungs (also called pleural effusion);
  • Fluid retention (especially swelling in your ankles or feet);
  • Congestive heart failure;
  • If you are pregnant and you have high blood pressure and fluid retention (also called preeclampsia);
  • If you are allergic to any foods or drugs;
  • If you are on a low-salt diet.

Stop using sodium chloride and call your doctor at once if you have stomach pain, nausea, and vomiting, or swelling in your hands or feet.

Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve, or if they get worse while using sodium chloride.

Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?

There isn’t enough information about the safety of using sodium chloride during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking sodium chloride.

Side effects

What side effects can occur from sodium chloride?

  • Allergic reaction;
  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Stomach pain;
  • Swelling in your hands, ankles, or feet.

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.


What drugs may interact with sodium chloride?

Sodium chloride may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects, such as lithium, tolvaptan.

To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.

Does food or alcohol interact with sodium chloride?

Sodium chloride may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

What health conditions may interact with sodium chloride?

Sodium chloride may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.


The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using sodium chloride.

What is the dose of sodium chloride for an adult?

For oral dosage form (tablets): One tablet per day.

The dosage of other forms is based on your age, weight, medical condition, and response to treatment.

What is the dose of sodium chloride for a child?

The dosage has not been established in pediatric patients. It may be unsafe for your child. It is always important to fully understand the safety of the drug before using. Please consult with your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

How is sodium chloride available?

Sodium chloride is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • Sodium Chloride Injection 0,3%, 0.45%, 0.9%, 3%, 20%.
  • Sodium Chloride 0.9% inhalation.
  • Sodium Chloride 0.9% eye drop.
  • Sodium Chloride tablet 650mg, 1g.

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services (115) or go to your nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of Sodium Chlorid, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Review Date: November 1, 2016 | Last Modified: September 12, 2019

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