Know the basics

What is tarsal tunnel syndrome?

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a rare disease, affecting the nerves between the metatarsal tube. This nerve acts as absorbing sensation and motor control in the ankle and foot. The disease causes a burning pain along the inside of the ankle and the foot down. It is a neurological disorder similar to carpal tunnel syndrome.

How common is tarsal tunnel syndrome?

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is more common in adults. Those who prefer moving sports as athletes, who do manual work vulnerable to this disease. However, the disease is also likely to appear in children.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of tarsal tunnel syndrome?

Symptoms of tarsal tunnel syndrome include:

  • The sharp pain, numbness or tingling inside the ankle and ran down the soles.
  • Loss of feeling in the feet.
  • The pain appears more and more severe at night, when moving and less painful with rest.
  • The pain often comes and goes suddenly.

Over time, the disease will cause loss of mobility in the legs because of nerve will no longer active. Sometimes the nerve function lost leading to abnormal gait look but not cause legs disabled.

There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

Contact your doctor if you have signs and symptoms above, especially those  symptoms which affect your daily activities. You need to go to the doctor immediately if sudden severe pain in the feet wear out, become numb from the neck leg down or  felt like be stinged, hot on the feet.

Know the causes

What causes tarsal tunnel syndrome?

The cause of tarsal tunnel syndrome usually is tibial nerve or its branches along the side of the ankle and the foot down pinched. This pressure could be the result of damages from the injuries such as fractures and sprains serious. The other causes of the syndrome are local tumors and other problems such as inappropriate shoe size.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for tarsal tunnel syndrome?

Certain factors may increase your risk of developing Tarsal tunnel syndrome:

  • Fat.
  • Arthritis, rheumatic or rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Defects ankle injury.
  • Inflammation of the tendon sheaths.
  • Congenital have flatter soles (shallow) than normal.
  • A lump in the neck tube feet.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is tarsal tunnel syndrome diagnosed?

Doctors diagnosed tunnel syndrome tarsal based on a history, physical examination and checking electrical impulses nerve (EMG). Your doctor will tap or pulse tibial nerve. You may have x-rays scan so doctors eliminate arthritis and bone diseases that causing similar symptoms.

How is tarsal tunnel syndrome treated?

The symptoms of tarsal tunnel syndrome can be reduced by using anti-inflammatory drugs. However, they will not reduce the pressure on the nerves. To relieve pressure on the nerves, you will need to use medical shoe inserts.  Medical shoe inserts  help redistribute weight and take away the pressure on nerves ankles. In addition, the exercise you’re playing or your shoe size changes also need to reduce pressure on the ankle.

If these treatments are not effective on or tarsal tunnel syndrome is caused by a type of your other illnesses cause, the doctor will suggest surgery to reduce pressure on the nerve.

However, treatment with surgery has some risks as could not easy the pain and recurrent pain after surgery. Also, scar can form around the nerve after surgery or nerve damages can not be cured. The recovery from surgery may take several months.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage tarsal tunnel syndrome?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with Tarsal tunnel syndrome  :

  • Use medicines as doctor’s instruction
  • Rest and lift your feet up frequently.
  • Keep your foot hygiene and regular have foot examinations.
  • Wear properly fitted shoes and appropriate for each activity.
  • Do not play sports or exercise during treatment, they may makes it worse.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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