msBahasa Malaysia

Know the basics

What is swelling in the scrotum?

Scrotal swelling is an enlargement of the scrotal sac. Scrotal swelling can occur due to injury or an underlying medical condition. It may be caused by an accumulation of fluid, inflammation, or an abnormal growth within the scrotum. Scrotum is the sac surrounding the testicles., it is the place where produce, store, and deliver sperm and male sex hormone.

How common is swelling in the scrotum?

Scrotal swelling may occur at any age. You can  minimized the chance of having hernias by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of swelling in the scrotum?

In addition to a visible enlargement of the scrotal sac, you may have additional symptoms. The symptoms you experience will depend on the cause of the swelling. Common symptoms that may be experienced alongside scrotal swelling include a lump in the testicle and pain in the testicles or scrotum.

There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

Call your health care provider if:

  • You notice any unexplained scrotal swelling.
  • The swelling is painful.
  • You have a testicle lump.

Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Know the causes

What causes swelling in the scrotum?

Scrotal swelling can occur due to many reasons. Causes of scrotal swelling may include:

  • Injury
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Testicular cancer
  • Testicular torsion
  • Epididymitis
  • Hernia
  • Orchitis
  • Varicocele
  • Surgery in the genital area

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for swelling in the scrotum?

Certain factors may increase your risk of developing scrotal swelling:

  • Susceptible to sexually infections transmitted;
  • Having unsafe sex
  • Having an inguinal hernia;
  • Having orchitis.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is swelling in the scrotum diagnosed?

Your doctor will collect information about your symptoms and physical examination of your scrotum to diagnose. Also, doctors may conduct ultrasound scrotum to detect inside abnormalities.

How is swelling in the scrotum treated?

Treatment options for scrotal swelling depend on the cause. If an infection caused the swelling, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics to fight the infection. If this is not enough to relieve inflammation, your doctor may prescribe an anti-inflammatory medication as well.

Appropriate medications will be prescribed to relieve symptoms and swelling associated with other diseases. However, surgery may be necessary to correct the condition if the underlying cause is varicocele, hernia, or hydrococele.

Testicular cancer has several treatment options. The options offered to you depend on the severity of the cancer, whether it as spread, and how long it went undetected. Treatment options normally consist of chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery (used to remove cancerous tissue and cancerous tumors from the scrotal sac).

Home treatment: In addition to receiving care from your doctor, he or she may suggest at-home treatment options, including:

  • using ice on the scrotum to relieve swelling: this method of treatment is normally used in the first 24 hours of noticing the swelling
  • taking an over-the-counter pain reliever: notify your doctor immediately if the pain is severe
  • using a sitz bath (shallow bath) to reduce swelling
  • avoiding strenuous activities

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage swelling in the scrotum?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with scrotal swelling  :

  • wearing athletic support when playing dangerous sport
  • maintain healthy and safe sex
  • using ice on the scrotum to relieve swelling
  • using a sitz bath (shallow bath) to reduce swelling
  • avoiding strenuous activities

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

Want to live your best life?
Get the Hello Doktor Daily newsletter for health tips, wellness updates and more.