What are stomach polyps?
Stomach polyps, which are also known as gastric polyps, are masses of cells that form on the lining inside your stomach. These polyps are quite rare and usually don’t cause any bothersome signs or symptoms.
Stomach polyps are most often discovered when your doctor is examining you for some other reason. Most stomach polyps actually don’t become cancerous. However, certain types can increase your risk of stomach cancer in the future. Based on the type of stomach polyp you get, treatment might involve removing the polyp or monitoring it for changes.
How common are stomach polyps?
There is no clear risk factors for stomach polyps. However, it usually occur in old people. However, it can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.
What are the symptoms of stomach polyps?
Stomach polyps often don’t cause any signs or symptoms. However, when a stomach polyp enlarges, open sores (ulcers) can develop on its surface. Rarely, the polyp can block the opening between your stomach and your small intestine. If blockage happens, signs and symptoms of stomach polyps include:
- Pain or tenderness when you press your abdomen
- Blood in your stool
When should I see my doctor?
Early diagnosis and treatment can stop this condition from worsening and prevent another medical emergency, so talk to your doctor as soon as possible to prevent this serious condition.
If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consulting with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.
What causes stomach polyps?
There are plenty of causes for stomach polyps. These causes are considered as the most common causes of stomach polyps, include:
- Chronic stomach inflammation (gastritis): It is believed that this disease can cause the formation of stomach polyps. If gastritis is the cause, the polyps are generally removed.
- Familial adenomatous polyposis: This rare, inherited syndrome can cause polyps to form.
- Regular use of certain stomach medications: Polyps are common among people who regularly take proton pump inhibitors to treat stomach acid. These polyps are generally small and aren’t a cause for concern.
What increases my risk for stomach polyps?
Some common factors that can increase your opportunities of developing stomach polyps include:
- Age — more common in middle to old age
- Bacterial stomach infections
- Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), a rare genetic syndrome
- Regular use of proton pump inhibitors like Nexium, Prilosec, and Protonix
Diagnosis & Treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How are stomach polyps diagnosed?
If your doctor suspects that you experience stomach polyps, tests and procedures used to diagnose stomach polyps are ordered, include:
- Endoscopy: This test can help your doctor view the inside of your stomach
- Tissue sample (biopsy)
How are stomach polyps treated?
Depending on the type of your stomach polyps, some treatments are recommended by your doctor:
- Small polyps that aren’t adenomas: These polyps might not require treatment. Your doctor might recommend periodic monitoring.
- Large polyps: These polyps might need to be removed to prevent blockage. Most stomach polyps can be removed during endoscopy.
- Adenomas: These polyps can become cancerous and are usually removed during endoscopy.
- Polyps associated with familial adenomatous polyposis: These polyps are removed because they can become cancerous.
Your doctor will likely recommend follow-up endoscopy to check for recurring polyps. If the polyp is caused by infection, it is recommended to treat the infection first with antibiotics.
Lifestyle changes & Home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage stomach polyps?
A healthy lifestyle can reduce the risk of developing stomach polyps and minimize your risk of digestive cancer. Preventive steps include:
- Eating a healthy diet full of fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain cereals
- Limiting your consumption of alcohol
- Refraining from using tobacco
- Exercising regularly to maintain a healthy body weight
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Stomach polyps. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stomach-polyps/basics/definition/con-20025488. Accessed Mar 19, 2017.
Stomach polyps. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3992058/. Accessed Mar 19, 2017.
Stomach polyps. https://www.saintlukeshealthsystem.org/health-library/gastric-polyps. Accessed Mar 19, 2017.
Review Date: April 22, 2017 | Last Modified: April 22, 2017