Know the basics
What is stomach cancer?
Stomach cancer refers to a cancerous (malignant) growth in the stomach. It occurs when the cells in the stomach overgrowth leads to the appearance of tumors. Stomach cancer is a common disease and is easy to spread to other organs. If not treated promptly, the disease can lead to death.
How common is stomach cancer?
People at any age can have stomach cancer . However, men above 40 years old have higher risk than women. You can minimized the chance of having hernias by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of stomach cancer?
People with early stomach cancers may not have symptoms. As the tumor grows, people have abdominal (belly) pain, nausea, and loss of appetitic. Other complaints are abdomainal bloating after eating, trouble swallowing, heartburn, weight loss, blood in stools, a mass that can be felt, fullness in the stomach after meals and fluid in the abdomen (ascites).
There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.
Know the causes
What causes stomach cancer?
The cause is unknown, but certain things increase chances of getting this disease. Diets high in nitrates may make this cancer more likely. Nitrates (found in smoked and salted foods) are converted to nitries by bacteria, and nitries are cancer causing substances. Also, people whose stomach is infected with bacteria called Helicobacter pylori may have greater chances of getting stomach cancer.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for stomach cancer?
Certain factors may increase your risk of developing Mitral stenosis:
- A diet high in salty and smoked foods;
- A diet low in fruits and vegetables;
- Eating foods contaminated with aflatoxin fungus;
- Family history of stomach cancer;
- Infection with Helicobacter pylori;
- Long-term stomach inflammation;
- Pernicious anemia;
- Stomach polyps.
Not having risk factors does not mean you cannot get hamstring strians. These factors are for reference only. You should consult your doctor for more details.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is stomach cancer diagnosed?
Tests that can help diagnose gastric cancer include:
- Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD);
- Complete blood count (CBC) or Stool test ;
- CT or X-ray.
How is stomach cancer treated?
Treatment depends on how far the cancer spread (its stage). Surgery is the only chance for cure. Surgery includes complete removal of the cancer by taking out part of the stomach (subtotal gstrectomy) or near-total removal of the stomach with nearby lymph glands. For people with advanced cancer and can’t have surgery may chemotheraphy or radiation theraphy but will likely not cure the cancer. For some people, a surgical bypass procedure may relieve symptoms.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage stomach cancer?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with stomach cancer :
- Follow doctor’s instruction
- DO NOT smoke.
- Keep a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
- Avoid diet high in salty and smoked foods
- Do not drink alcohol
- Endoscopy periodically to monitor the progression of stomach cancer.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Print edition. Page 339.
Porter, R. S., Kaplan, J. L., Homeier, B. P., & Albert, R. K. (2009). The Merck manual home health handbook. Whitehouse Station, NJ, Merck Research Laboratories. Print edition. Page 190.
Stomach cancer. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stomach-cancer/basics/definition/con-20038197. Accessed July 2016, 2016.
Stomach cancer. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000223.htm. Accessed July 2016, 2016.
Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017