msBahasa Malaysia

Know the basics

What is sleep disorders?

Sleep disorder is any disorder that affects, disrupts, or involves sleep. There are approximately eighty different types of sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, etc.

How common is sleep disorders?

This health condition is very common. There are about 70 million peoples suffer from them in the US.. It also can affect patients at any age. However, it can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of sleep disorders?

Depending on which kind of disorders, there are many symptoms that can be recognized. Thos commonly are sleepwalking, snoring, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, narcolepsy, and sleep apnea. Some symptoms may not be listed above. Therefore, if you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above, experiencing a poor quality sleep or just have any questions, please consult with your physician. It is sagacious to discuss with your doctor what is the most suitable solution for your situation. Because chronic sleep disorder can adversely affect your daily functioning as well as your mental and physical health.

Know the causes

What causes sleep disorders?

Sleep problems can be caused by various factors, including:

  • Physical disturbances (for example, pain from ulcers);
  • Medical issues (for example, asthma);
  • Drugs and medications (caffeine, antidepressants, stimulants, etc.);
  • Psychiatric disorders (for example, depression and anxiety disorders);
  • Environmental issues (for example, alcohol use);

Other factors that can interfere with sleep include genetics, night shift work, medications, and aging.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for sleep disorders?

There are many risk factors for sleeping disorders, such as: obesity, neck circumference, enlarged tissues of the nose, mouth, or throat, bone deformities, use of alcohol or medicine, sleeping on your back and using pillows, smoking, poor sleep habits, disorders of the hormone (endocrine) system,…

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is sleep disorders diagnosed?

Your doctor will first perform a physical exam and gather information about your symptoms and medical history. They will also order various tests, including:

  • Polysomnography: a sleep study that evaluates oxygen levels, body movements, and brain waves to determine how they disrupt sleep.
  • Electroencephalogram: a test assesses electrical activity in the brain and detects any potential problems associated with this activity.
  • Genetic blood testing: a blood test commonly used to diagnose narcolepsy and other underlying health conditions that might be causing sleeping problems.

How is sleep disorders treated?

Depending on the type and cause of sleeping disorders, doctors may use different kind of treatment. However, in general, it includes a combination of medical treatments and lifestyle changes.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage sleep disorders?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with health sleep disorders:

  • Incorporating more vegetables and fish into your diet, and reducing sugar intake ;
  • Reducing stress and anxiety by physical activities;
  • Follow a stable sleeping schedule;
  • Drinking less water before going to bed;
  • Limiting your caffeine intake, especially in the late afternoon or evening;
  • Decreasing tobacco and alcohol use;
  • Eating smaller low carbohydrates before bedtime.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

Want to live your best life?
Get the Hello Doktor Daily newsletter for health tips, wellness updates and more.