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Definition

What is skin aging?

Our skin health is easily affected by many factors: aging, sun exposure, harsh weather, and bad habits. While there are factors that we cannot control: weather and aging, there are things that you can change: your lifestyle, diet, heredity, and other personal habits. For

All these factors contribute to cells destruction, which lead to premature wrinkles and age spots. Other factors that contribute to aging of the skin are stress, gravity, daily facial movement, obesity, and even sleep position.

How common is skin aging?

Skin aging is a natural process, so it means each of us need to undergo this. However, nowadays, with the increase of pollution, skin aging occurs more quickly, especially in women.

However, it can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Symptoms

What are the symptoms of skin aging?

There are three main manifestations of general skin aging. Each one affects the look of the face in a different way.

  • Wrinkles: The first and also the most noticeable sign of aging are fine lines and wrinkles. They are triggered by facial expression and tend to become deeper as time goes by.
  • Loss of volume: A loss of volume is recognized by a loss of tautness of the skin, the neck area can become quite rough and dry and there can be a lack of glow and bloom to the skin.
  • Loss of density: Most popular in women of post-menopausal age, a loss of density manifests itself on the surface as the skin becoming fine and delicate.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consulting with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Causes

What causes skin aging?

There are a great number of things causing our skin to age. Some of these causes we cannot do anything about, but others we can manage.

One thing that is unchangeable is the natural aging process. With time, our skin will lose some of its youthfulness: the skin becomes thinner and drier through a period of time, lines and wrinkles appear. Our genes largely control when these changes occur. The medical term for this type of aging is “intrinsic aging.”

We can manage the surrounding environment and our lifestyle choices to prevent aging prematurely. The medical term for this type of aging is “extrinsic aging.” Fortunately, by taking preventive actions, we can slow the effects that this type of aging has on our skin.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for skin aging?

These three risk factors are believed as the most common risk factors can affect skin aging, include:

  • Sun: Exposure to the sun’s rays is the primary external risk factor responsible for skin aging via oxidative stress.
  • Pollution: Allowing the skin to be exposed to pollution, most commonly in cities, can trigger the release of skin-damaging free radicals.
  • Smoking: The chemicals and nicotine contained in cigarettes are responsible for an upsurge in the amount of free radicals in the skin.

Diagnosis & Treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

 

How is skin aging diagnosed?

Specialists can check your skin for sun damage, wrinkles, fine lines, and other signs of aging. As the skin ages, the amount of collagen and elastin – proteins that give skin its firmness and elasticity – gradually decreases. In addition, the pads of fat that give the skin a full, smooth appearance begin to lose their shape. Skin specialists conduct a medical history and perform a physical exam to learn more about your skin and assess any aging-related changes.

How is skin aging treated?                      

To prevent early signs of aging, treatment options using retinoids, vitamin C, and alpha hydroxy acids may be enough. For moderate to severe facial sun damage, chemical peels, dermabrasion, or laser resurfacing may help.

Deeper facial lines may be treated with botulinum toxin or fillers, comprising of hyaluronic acid injections, your own fat, and Gore-Tex implants.

Some people may choose surgery, such as a facelift, brow lift, or cosmetic surgery on the eyelids. Whether you do any of these things, and how much you do, is a personal choice.

Lifestyle changes & Home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage skin aging?

There are some useful tips that help you prevent skin aging:

  • Protect your skin from the sun every day: Whether spending a day at the beach or running errands, sun protection is essential. You can protect your skin by seeking shade, covering up with clothing, and using sunscreen that is broad-spectrum, SPF 30 (or higher), and water-resistant. You should apply sunscreen every day to all skin that is not covered by clothing.
  • Apply self-tanner rather than get a tan: Every time you get a tan, you prematurely age your skin. This holds true whether you get a tan from the sun, a tanning bed, or other indoor tanning equipment. All emit harmful UV rays that accelerate how quickly your skin ages.
  • Stop smoking: Smoking greatly speeds up skin aging. It causes wrinkles and a dull, sallow complexion.
  • Avoid repetitive facial expressions: When you make a facial expression, you contract the underlying muscles. If you repeatedly contract the same muscles for many years, these lines are permanent. Wearing sunglasses can help reduce lines caused by squinting.
  • Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet: Findings from a few studies suggest that eating plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables may help prevent damage that leads to premature skin aging. These findings also suggest that a diet containing lots of sugar or other refined carbohydrates can accelerate aging.
  • Drink less alcohol: Alcohol is rough on the skin. It dehydrates the skin, and in time, damages the skin. This can make us look older.
  • Exercise most days of the week: Findings from a few studies suggest that moderate exercise can improve circulation and boost the immune system. This, in turn, may give the skin a more-youthful appearance.
  • Cleanse your skin gently: Scrubbing your skin clean can irritate your skin. Irritating your skin accelerates skin aging. Gentle washing helps to remove pollution, makeup, and other substances without irritating your skin.
  • Wash your face twice a day and after sweating heavily: Perspiration, especially when wearing a hat or helmet, irritates the skin, so you want to wash your skin as soon as possible after sweating.
  • Apply a facial moisturizer every day: Moisturizer traps water in our skin, giving it a more youthful appearance.
  • Stop using skin care products that sting or burn: When your skin burns or stings, it means your skin is irritated. Irritating your skin can make it look older.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Review Date: April 17, 2017 | Last Modified: April 17, 2017

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