Know the basics
What is sinusitis?
Sinusitis is an infection and swelling of one or more of sinuses due to sinus blockage. Sinusitis can occur suddenly and last only in short-term (4 weeks) which are called acute sinusitis. Another case that sinusitis can last (about 3 months) and repeat is called chronic sinusitis.
How common is sinusitis?
This health condition is common. It can affect everyone. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of sinusitis?
The common symptoms of sinusitis are:
- Coughing, especially cough more at night;
- Feeling encumbered or pain in forehead or face;
- Stuffy nose and runny, with secretions or yellow green blue;
- Sore throat.
These symptoms will recover after 7 – 21 days. There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
You should contact your doctor if you have any of the following:
- Dark circles in eyes, swelling and pain;
- Forehead swelling;
- Severe headache;
- Confusion or delirious;
- Neck stiffness;
- Breathing intermittent breathlessness.
If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.
Know the causes
What causes sinusitis?
Causes of sinusitis can be bacteria, allergies, pollution or nasal polyps (benign growths in the nose causing congestion). Besides, sinusitis often occurs after you have a cold, after having close contact (eat, drink, inhale or touch) with allergens. In addition, chronic sinusitis can be caused by congenital narrow sinus or sinuses too dry.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for sinusitis?
There are many risk factors for this disease such as:
- Regular contact with allergens or environmental pollution;
- Being immune disorders such as HIV / AIDS, cystic fibrosis…
- Have asthma;
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is sinusitis diagnosed?
The doctor will examine ear, nose and throat, chest and use medical stethoscope to diagnose sinusitis. Also, doctors may endoscopic nasal, sinus CT scan or MRI if you are suspected with fungal sinusitis infection or other tumors.
To determine the cause of your sinusitis, your doctor will ask about the frequency of sinusitis in the year, the activities you do before detecting symptoms and they may recommend X-rays or take other test if necessary.
How is sinusitis treated?
To reduce the feeling of discomfort caused by the disease, you can use sprays or drops with congestion. For mild headaches, you may use painkillers containing paracetamol like Panadol common or Efferagan.
Doctors may precribe antihistamines or corticosteroid nasal sprays to reduce swelling. This method is particularly effective in case you suffer from nasal polyps. For sinus inflammation caused by infection, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics.
In addition, the doctor will also give you a surgical procedure in cases of sinusitis caused by fungal infection, deviated nasal septum or nasal polyps.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage sinusitis?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with this disease:
- Drink plenty of water to thin mucus in nose;
- Do not drink alcohol;
- Do not smoke;
- Use warm compress for sinus area 4 times a day, within 1 to 2 hours;
- Avoid contacting with the allergen;
- Do not use unspecific nasal spray. These medications may contain substances that are not fit you and make the disease worse.
- Lift moderately head high while sleeping.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acute-sinusitis/basics/definition/con-20020609?p=1. Accessed July 7, 2016.
Sinusitis. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000647.htm. Accessed July 7, 2016.
Sinusitis. http://www.webmd.com/allergies/sinusitis-and- sinusinfection?print=true. Accessed July 7, 2016.
Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017