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Know the basics

What is scoliosis?

Scoliosis is a condition in which spine completely curve aside. Degree of curvature of the spine is measured by angle. The wider the angle, the higher risk of serious scoliosis. If children are in late development stage with curved spine below 30 degrees, they often do not need to monitor strictly and they also rarely get worse. If spinal curvature is 50 to 75 degrees, doctor can use powerful therapy.

Scoliosis usually begins in childhood and get worse progressively adulthood.

How common is scoliosis?

Many scoliosis patients start from young age (under 10 years old). It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of scoliosis?

Most children with scoliosis do not have symptoms but they can be humpbacked one side backs or one shoulder higher than the other side while bending forward. In addition, the child’s hip will develop unevenly and or lean to one side.

In adults, pain in the spine is the most common signs of severe scoliosis. The signs and symptoms include: decrease height, raise ribs or change waistline not due to weight gain. The more waist changes, the more severe your condition.

When your spine curves seriously, patient will feel fatigue, spinal pain and dyspnea hardest. Scoliosis causes emotional problems quite seriously, especially for teenagers.

There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

You need to visit doctor if you detect any abnormal symptoms in the spine, especially the back.

If it only slightly bent, you will not recognize any abnormality since it is unclear but other people will see. Therefore, if you see spine of your friends or relatives not straight whether they stand straight, you should tell them to visit doctor as soon as possible.

Know the causes

What causes scoliosis?

Causes of scoliosis curve are usually not identified, but genetic factors may also affect it as much. Scoliosis in adult are mostly due to a rare congenital as:

  • Length of unequal leg;
  • Congenital spine disorders;
  • Neurological Disorders.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for scoliosis?

You are at high risk of scoliosis if your family suffers from scoliosis.

Many people still believe that wrong walking posture and dining malnutrition, or doing wrong exercise will increase the risk of scoliosis but this is incorrect. Although these factors do not cause scoliosis but could expose you to other diseases such as macular degeneration, inflammatory or spinal cord injury.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is scoliosis diagnosed?

Doctors diagnosed scoliosis through clinical examination and X-rays of the spine. If there was an X-ray of the spine a few years ago, doctors would easily compare and better diagnosis. Your doctor may also use measure scoliosis curve.

How is scoliosis treated?

Bones which gradually bent during developing does not cause pain and require treatment. For warped condition causes pain and deformity should be treated as soon as possible.

Although no medical procedures or diet can  heal crooked place, doctors will prescribe analgesic and anti-inflammatory medication if you cannot stand the pain.

Doctor take X-rays regularly to monitor the process scoliosis and use a brace wires to prevent crooked place get worse but it cannot cure crooked place. Wire brace can prevent surgery about 70% for children.

When the curve develope or cause severe pain, you have to be surgically reconnect vertebra. Before proposing the surgery, doctors must check to make sure that the back pain is not caused by other diseases.

Exercises and electrical muscle stimulation do not help people who suffer from scoliosis curve.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage scoliosis?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with this disease:


  • Wear the belt as instructed. However, bends still worse even when wearing the brace.
  • Try to join physiotherapy although the process is painful and aching backs.
  • Do not give up because the course of therapy monitored by a doctor can last for several years or more. If possible, you should ask a family to support you.
  • Have your child tested regularly as instructed by doctors to know early complications of scoliosis.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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