Know the basics
What is schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness serious causing disturbance of thinking. Thinking of patient becomes cluttered and separated from reality. Thinking speed becomes fast or slow, even stop which causes saying speed is also fast, slow or falter. This also makes patients lose the ability to think, remember or understand a certain problem.
Patients with schizophrenia are more likely have bizarre behavior due to hearing the voices in my head and seeing things that are not true; delusional, wary of excessive (paranoia), and violent temper.
Schizophrenia is a chronic illness, needing lifelong treatment.
How common is schizophrenia?
Patients with schizophrenia account for about 1% of population, that is, for every 100 people, there are 1 people with schizophrenia. The number of male and female patients was equal but male patients tend to get the disease at early age, from puberty until about age 25, while most female patients with the disease start from 25 and older.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of schizophrenia?
The major symptoms of schizophrenia patients include:
- Conflicts in thinking, such as difficultly making decision;
- Difficult to express and show emotion;
- Fear of public places where there are many people;
- Abnormal thinking:
- Hallucinations, especially hearing voices clear, male or female, timbre, age, voices of acquaintance or stranger. The voice may tell you about something that you do not feel comfortable, such as suicide or kill others.
- Paranoia, ie excessive vigilance, believing himself to have special abilities or suffer from certain medical conditions actually they do not.
There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
Patients with schizophrenia will not know they have a mental illness and need treatment. So if you see your loved one has any mental symptoms or unusual behavior, you need to take them to hospital as soon as possible, it is best to neurologist hospital.
Patients may protest and fled. You should contact the hospital or neurologist to take measures, which do not hurt your loved ones.
Know the causes
What causes schizophrenia?
Currently, the cause of schizophrenia has been unknown. But scientists believe that the following major pathogens can contribute:
- Gen: diseases can be inherited in the family;
- Environmental factors: such as viruses and some nutritional problems after birth;
- Differences in the structure and chemistry in the brain.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for schizophrenia?
There are many risk factors for this disease such as:
- Have relatives of schizophrenia. If you have relatives, especially parents or siblings are schizophrenic patients, your risk are 10 times higher than others.
- Viral infections, poisoning, and malnutrition while in the womb, especially in the first 6 months.
- Have old father at birth.
- Use inhibitors or nerve stimulation when you are young.
- Have an autoimmune disorder.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is schizophrenia diagnosed?
When doctors suspect someone has schizophrenia, they often check medical history, clinical examination and tests carried out include:
Check blood count (CBC) and other blood tests can help rule out other conditions that cause similar symptoms, as well as measure the concentration of alcohol and drugs. Doctor also may ask test images, such as MRI or CT scan.
Psychological assessment: psychiatrist can examine the mental condition of the patient by observing the appearance, demeanor and asking about thoughts, mood, paranoia, hallucinations, and substance abused also are capable of violence or suicide.
How is schizophrenia treated?
Schizophrenia cannot be cured but many symptoms can be treated with medication and cognitive behavioral therapy.
Mental illnesses are often formed by patients who have wrong or negative thinking in the long run. Doctor will apply cognitive therapy to help patient find a subconscious habit that causes this disease. Later, there will be behavioral therapy and training guide to avoid that thinking. When you no longer think the same way again, it means that symptoms have been cured.
Your doctor may prescribe antineurotic daily to prevent symptoms of delusions and paranoia. In addition, doctor will also use psycho-social treatment for patients. Psychosocial treatment is counseling therapy, which supports daily activities as well as community activities. Volunteer group under the guidance of doctors will also teach you or your loved one necessary soft skills.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage schizophrenia?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with this disease:
- Take your medicine every day as precription.
- Participating in the program or activity involved which is recommended. Consider joining a support group volunteers.
- Avoid alcohol because it can hinder the drug’s effect.
- Do not leave sick family member under stress. Stress, lack of sleep, inadequate diet and caffeine will make the recurrent mental acts.
- Call doctor if you or your relatives hear voices, feel paranoid or bizarre thoughts otherwise.
- Call your doctor if you sleep less or suicidal.
- Do not use any illegal drugs yet.
- Do not use drugs, including prescription drugs, without checking with your doctor first.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Print edition.
Porter, R. S., Kaplan, J. L., Homeier, B. P., & Albert, R. K. (2009). The Merck manual home health handbook. Whitehouse Station, NJ, Merck Research Laboratories. Print edition. Page 889.
Schizophrenia. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/schizophrenia/basics/definition/con-20021077?p=1. Accessed July 9, 2016.
Schizophrenia. http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/schizophrenia/index.shtml. Accessed July 9, 2016.
Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017