Know the basics
What is scarlet fever child?
Erythema, also known as Scarlet fever, is a bacterial disease developing in some people with angina. This bacterium secretes a toxin and generates reactions in the body causing red rash. Scarlet fever causes rash all over the body and it is usually accompanied by sore throat and high fever. Not everyone infected throat are suffering from scarlet fever.
If the disease is not treated, rash can lead to more dangerous conditions such as affect the heart, kidneys and other body parts.
How common is scarlet fever child?
It commonly affects children. It can affect patients from 5 – 15 years old. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of scarlet fever child?
The first symptoms of scarlet fever usually are intense sore throat, fever (above 38 ° C), swollen glands in the neck, cough, headache and loss of appetite. Tonsils and back of the throat may have a white or red lining and get swollen.
Red rash is the most prominent symptom. Rash usually begin to appear after the child has sore throat for several days. The rash appears on face and neck first and then it will appear on chest and back. Tongue turns red (strawberry or raspberry). When pressing on the rash, it turns white. By the sixth day, the rash begins to fade and skin begins to peel. Exfoliation may take 1 to 2 weeks before recovering.
There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
You should contact your doctor if you have any of the following:
- Have fever over 38,90C
- Inflammation in neck
- Red rash
Know the causes
What causes scarlet fever child?
Bacterium called Streptococcus (strep) is the main cause of the rash. The bacterium spreads through direct contact, from the start date sore throat until 24-48 hours after taking antibiotics. Bacteria can spread when an infected person sneezes or coughs. The incubation period can last from 2-4 days.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for scarlet fever child?
Children aged 5 to 15 are more likely to get sick than the other age groups. Germs causing disease spreads easily among people in close contact with children, such as family members or classmates.
There are no risk factors not meaning you cannot get sick. These signs are for reference only. You should consult a specialist doctor for more details.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is scarlet fever child diagnosed?
Doctors diagnosed the condition and clinical examination. The doctor will take a throat swab to determine the type of bacteria in the child’s throat.
How is scarlet fever child treated?
Children will be prescribed antibiotics erythematosus, such as penicillin or erythromycin. Your child should be isolated to prevent spreading the disease. Do not need to abstain any kind of food and children should drink plenty of water. Use a cool spray or rinse mouth with warm salt water can help children reduce sore throat.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage scarlet fever child?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with this disease:
- Use medication as prescription.
- Keep the child comfortable. Offer mushy, liquid food and let children drink plenty of water. Use a humidifier to produce cool air.
- Isolate children from other members of family and other children, from when having sore throat to 2 days after taking antibiotics. Children can return to school after 2 weeks.
- Using cups and eating utensils separately, wash with hot water and soap.
- Wash your hands often.
- Shortening nails for children to prevent them from scratching the itchy rash.
- Tell your doctor if fever (over 38 C) recurs after a few days of recovery or peeling skin spot signs of infection.
- Tell your doctor if you experience nausea or vomiting, severe headache, earache, chest pain or coughing up thick phlegm.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Porter, R. S., Kaplan, J. L., Homeier, B. P., & Albert, R. K. (2009). The Merck manual home health handbook. Whitehouse Station, NJ, Merck Research Laboratories. Print edition. Page 1734.
Scarle fever. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/scarlet-fever/basics/definition/con-20030976. Accessed September 29, 2015.
Review Date: December 27, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017