Definition

What is Savant Syndrome?

Savant syndrome occurs when a person with below normal intelligence displays a special talent or ability in a specific area.

How common is Savant Syndrome?

About half of all children with savant syndrome are autistic. Approximately 10 percent of all children with autism have savant syndrome. The rate increases to 25 percent of children with autism who have an IQ over 35. (Many autistic children have lower IQs.) About three times as many boys as girls have savant syndrome. This may be because more boys than girls are affected with autism. Less than 1 percent of the non-autistic population, including those with mental retardation and other developmental disorders, have savant syndrome. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Symptoms

What are the symptoms of Savant Syndrome?

The children suffering from Savant syndrome tend to show mental retardedness. The abnormal behavior and irrelevant activities show the signs of mental disorder. However, they do not show severe signs of mental disorder and can be controlled.

The children generally have some special powers and ability. It has been noticed that people who are having Savant syndrome are generally super talented on some specific field despite having very low IQ level.

Patients are able to calculate calendar dates. This is common for almost all the patients, and they are very much able to calculate past and future dates.

Apart from it the patient is generally very strong in the field like mathematics. They can do the mathematical calculations in very quick time that is very uncommon. The skill of the mathematical calculations increases with the age and guidance.

The talent in music and art are also very common among the patient. They do exceptionally well in the field of arts.

The memory power of the Savant syndrome patients is above intelligent level. They can store huge amount of data in their brain. The talent can be noticed in remembering sports details, history and even statistics.

All the signs are also considered as gifts of the syndrome. With the practice and growing age, the ability tends to increase. It has been noticed that the patient do show mental retardedness and problems with mental ability, but their extra talent can take them very high in life.

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If your child has any signs or symptoms listed above or you have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Causes

What causes Savant Syndrome?

The causes of savant syndrome are not known. Some researchers hypothesize that it is caused by a change in a gene or genes, and others believe that it is caused by some kind of damage to the left hemisphere of the brain with compensation for this injury occurring in the right hemisphere. The reasons for the syndrome are not at all clear, however, and more research needs to be done.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for Savant Syndrome?

There are many risk factors for Savant Syndrome, such as:

  • Hereditary mental disorders
  • The presence of autism or asperger syndrome in siblings,
  • The presence in the family history of other mental illnesses,
  • Mature age of parents (mother – over 40, father – over 49),
  • The weight of the newborn is less than 2500 g,
  • Prematurity (gestation age <35 weeks),
  • Postpartum resuscitation of a newborn,
  • Congenital malformations,
  • Male sex of newborn,
  • An unfavorable ecological environment, the effect of which leads to gene mutations, vitamin d deficiency.

Diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is Savant Syndrome diagnosed?

Savant syndrome is diagnosed when a child’s ability in one area is exceptionally higher than would be expected given his or her IQ or general level of functioning.

How is Savant Syndrome treated?

Savant syndrome is not known to have any drawbacks, so it does not have to be treated itself. The underlying disorders that usually accompany savant syndrome need to be treated, and it is believed that making use of the special talent of the child with savant syndrome may help treat the child’s underlying developmental disorders.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage Savant Syndrome?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with Savant Syndrome:

The lower IQ level and the mental retardedness of the patient can be taken care of from the childhood days. Speech Therapy and special education can indeed help the patients to stay closer to normal life. The cooperation of the parents and trainers can be of immense help.

The practice and nourishment of the special ability of the kid can be a great treatment as well. The success and continuous appreciation can help the child to have self-confidence, and the Autism can be hard fought.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

 

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: August 23, 2018 | Last Modified: August 23, 2018

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