What is sarcoidosis?


Know the basics

What is sarcoidosis?

Sarcoidosis disease (also known as sarcoidosis) is an excessive growth of inflammatory cells in different parts of body, leading to inflammation of organs – most commonly in the lungs, lymph nodes blood, eyes and skin.

Sarcoit is so popular granulomas form which is also known as granulomatous diseases. Granulomas can also be considered a benign tumor. These tumors can be seen only through a microscope.

How common is sarcoidosis?

It commonly affects both females and males. It can affect patients at age of 15 – 65. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of sarcoidosis?

The signs and symptoms of the disease vary depending on Sarcoidosis affected organ. Sarcoidosis sometimes develops gradually and has symptoms lasting for many years. In some cases, symptoms can come and go suddenly. However, there are also many patients having no symptoms.

Common symptoms of Sarcoidosis patients include:

  • Fatigue, shortness of breath, heart palpitations;
  • Dry lips, loss of appetite, weight loss;
  • Fever, rash, stiff or swollen joints, large lymph nodes;
  • Dry cough, stuffy or runny nose for a long time (chronic).

Other signs include fatigue, blurred vision; severe cases can be ophthalmia, high calcium levels in blood, liver and kidney damage, heart beat abnormalities and skin infections.

The common symptoms of lung Sarcoidosis occurs in the majority of patients who have lung problems such as:

  • Prolonged cough;
  • Shortness of breath;
  • Wheeze;
  • Chest pain.

About 25% of people infected Sarcoidosis have skin problems, including:

  • Rashes: red or purple rash appears and often locates in legs or ankles.
  • Injury: skin sores disfiguring can occur on the nose, cheeks and ears.
  • Change in color of skin: the affected skin can be darker or lighter than normal.
  • Tumor, a small tumor: develop under the skin, especially around the scar or tattoo.

Also, Sarcoidosis can affect eye without any symptoms. When the eye symptoms occur, they may include:

  • Blurred vision;
  • Eyesore;
  • Red Eye swelling;
  • Sensitive to light.

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

Although Sarcoidosis is not always serious, but it can leave a lasting legacy for your organs. You need to go to doctor immediately if you have two or more symptoms of Sarcoidosis, especially fever, tremors, blurred vision, chest pain or palpitations. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Know the causes

What causes sarcoidosis?

Causes of the disease have been known yet. When you get Sarcoidosis, the inflamed cells and tissues of certain parts of your body gather and spread into small tumors or tumors. These tumors grow will hinder these parts perform properly, and cause inflammation.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for sarcoidosis?

There are many risk factors for this disease such as:

  • Family history of the disease: if someone in your family has the disease, you are more likely to get it.
  • Congenitally have a weakened immune system or autoimmune disorders.
  • Habitat pollution or lack of clean water.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is sarcoidosis diagnosed?

Sarcoidosis is quite difficult to diagnose because you may not have symptoms or other diseases with similar symptoms.

Physicians need physical examination combined chest radiography rather than just physical examination which cannot accurately diagnose the condition. Doctors also suggest you blood test, breath test, tomography (CT), tissue biopsies, TB test and retrieve ECG.

If your doctor diagnose lung granuloma, you may need bronchoscopy by placing a probe through nose to lungs. Doctor will conduct surgical lung biopsy (surgical opening for sampling lung tissue examined under a microscope).

How is sarcoidosis treated?

You will recover without any treatment if you adjust living habits in the early stages of the disease. However, if you have multiple symptoms occurring, you should be treated and monitored for several months to several years.

Drugs like prednisone cortisolsteroid immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory are commonly prescribed for at least 6 to 12 months in the lowest dose to control development of granulomas.

Sarcoidosis may recur. Therefore, your doctor will monitor the progress of treatment through clinical examination to see if your symptoms get better. In addition, doctor will take X-rays and breathing tests.

If your condition get more serious and antibiotics are not effective, your doctor will prescribe more powerful drug such as methotrexate cancer inhibitor and rheumatoid arthritis treatment, immunosuppressant azathioprine or hydroxychloroquine antiviral. The treatment cannot be used arbitrarily and must be directed by a doctor.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage sarcoidosis?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with this disease:

  • Eat less salt in your diet if you use steroids.
  • Check blood pressure, a blood test for diabetes.
  • Vaccinations pneumococcal, vaccine pneumonia.
  • Do not arbitrarily stop using medication or change the dose even if you feel better, if you are not prescribed by a doctor.
  • Do not smoke: Smoking makes medical conditions worse.
  • Avoid direct sunlight: sun will make you have a rash, causing granulomatous disease more worse.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

Want to live your best life?
Get the Hello Doktor Daily newsletter for health tips, wellness updates and more.