Know the basics
What is salmonellosis?
Salmonellosis is a Salmonella bacterial infection in the stomach and intestines. The disease is similar to gastritis. The majority of patients with mild infections will get better after 4 to 7 days without treatment. A pandemic can occur when people eat contaminated food (such as eating at the same restaurant). Some people with severe diarrhea hospitalized for fluids and antibiotics.
How common is salmonellosis?
Most of salmonellosis patients live in poor environmental conditions, pollution, contamination and bacteria. Therefore the quality of food hygiene, low activity leading to the risk of food poisoning and other infections. In addition, you also are high risk of salmonellosis if you have close contact with other infected people.
Furthermore, young children, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems are more likely to suffer Salmonellosis. The rate of salmonellosis fever in the least developed countries is much higher than in developed countries.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of salmonellosis?
The main symptom is diarrhea. Symptoms may be mild, loose stools from 2 to 3 times per day. This symptom may also be accompanied by serious diarrhea every 10 or 15 minutes. There are also a number of other symptoms such as blood in the stool, stomach cramps, vomiting, fever and headache.
There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.
Know the causes
What causes salmonellosis?
You can be infected with salmonellosis caused by eating food, especially eggs, beef, poultry, fruit or drinking contaminated water or milk. Cooked foods help reduce risk of infection, but not completely eliminate the risk of infection. Salmonellosis can be spread from person to person if they do not wash their hands after using the toilet. Salmonellosis can also infect humans from pets such as turtles and iguanas.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for salmonellosis?
There are many risk factors for this disease such as:
- Travel to or work in places or areas where there are epidemics of salmonellosis.
- Working in the laboratory or in contact with the bacteria salmonella.
- Close contact with the typhoid.
- Have a weakened immune system due to medication like corticosteroids or HIV/AIDS.
- Drinking contaminated water can contain salmonella.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is salmonellosis diagnosed?
The doctor will base on your symptoms to diagnose Salmonellosis. Also, you will be tested for fecal, blood and urine for the most accuracy. Blood test should be conducted to eliminate other diseases.
How is salmonellosis treated?
Mild Salmonellosis infection needs no treatment. Most patients recover on their own within 24 to 48 hours. You should be quarantined or use different bathroom. Hand washing is essential to prevent the spread of germs.
If you have a fever and serious infections (typhoid fever), you need antibiotic treatment. Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration. Having strict diet with liquid Gatorade or Pedialyte cover until the diarrhea. Afterwards, you can gradually start eating normal food again. Milk products may make diarrhea becomes worse so you should avoid eating for several days. If diarrhea is severe, you may need intravenous fluids.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage salmonellosis?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with this disease:
- Cook food such as meat and poultry.
- Store food properly. For example: not to let vegetable salads with mayonnaise mixed at room temperature for several hours.
- Drink only pasteurized milk.
- Drink only bottled water when traveling.
- Avoid contact with infected people or animals of salmonella infection risk such as breeding turtles.
- Wash your hands carefully after using toilet to avoid spreading the disease.
- Drink water with electrolytes (such as drinking water sports activities) until diarrhea stops completely.
- Have light calories diet after diarrhea stops completely.
- Call your doctor if you are dehydrated (wrinkles, dryness and little urine, dark) or have symptoms lasting more than 48 hours, such as high fever, severe diarrhea, yellow skin or eyes.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Porter, R. S., Kaplan, J. L., Homeier, B. P., & Albert, R. K. (2009). The Merck manual home health handbook. Whitehouse Station, NJ, Merck Research Laboratories. Print edition. Page 1173.
Salmonella Infections. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/salmonellainfections.html. Accessed July 7, 2016.
Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017