Know the basics
What is rosacea?
Rosacea, also known as stock blush, is a common skin disease that causes redness in the face and often creates wounds red, even red bumps or pustules. The disease makes redness on the nose, chin, cheeks and forehead. Over the time, skin will become redder, and blood vessels can also be seen more clearly.
The signs and symptoms of rosacea may flare up during a time from several weeks to several months, and then decline. Rosacea can be mistaken with acne, allergies or other skin problems. If it is not treated early, rosacea tends to increase over time.
How common is rosacea?
This health condition is common. It commonly affects more in middle-aged females and white people. The north European origin and those with fair skin are more likely to suffer from rosacea. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of rosacea?
Symptoms and signs of rosacea include:
- Skin redness: a lot of people with rosacea have a history of frequent skin redness. Blush may come and go, but it is often the earliest signs of the disease.
- Redness continuity: continuous red faces like Indian or sunburn, and it does not disappear.
- Rash or pustules: these red bumps or pimples often develop rosacea. Sometimes rash may look like acne, but there is no blackhead. Or stinging sensation may occur.
- Appearance of blood vessels: small blood vessels appear clearly in the skin.
- Eye irritation. Eyes may be irritated, watery or bloodshot in some people with rosacea. This condition called Rosacea eye, may also cause acne cyst, red and swollen eyelids. If serious condition is untreated, it can lead to corneal damage and vision loss.
- Burning or stinging: burning sensation or stinging, itching may occur on the face.
- Dry skin: skin roughness at the center, as skin becomes very dry.
- Array: red patches can be formed without changing the surrounding skin.
- Thick skin: in some cases of rosacea, skin may become thick and enlarged from excess cells. This condition usually occurs in the nose, causing nose shaped bulge, called the lion nose (rhinophyma).
The signs and symptoms of rosacea can develop on the face and adjacent areas such as the neck, chest and ears. There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.
Know the causes
What causes rosacea?
Genetic factors or environmental factors are believed to be the causes of rosacea. Alcohol, hot drinks and certain foods do not cause disease, but they may make it worse. Sunlight, stress, excessive exercise, sauna, corticosteroid medication or blood pressure medications can also cause the disease more severe.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for rosacea?
There are many risk factors for rosacea, such as:
- Gender: women have higher risk than men;
- Ethnicity: people with fair skin have higher risk of rosacea often than normal;
- Age: 30-60 year-old people who have higher risk;
- Genetics: you are at risk for rosacea if someone in the family get this disease.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is rosacea diagnosed?
The most common method for diagnosis is clinical examination. In addition, doctor will base on your medical history and your family history, consider the symptoms to eliminate the disease, which has similar signs such as acne, eczema, lupus, psoriasis…
How is rosacea treated?
If you have mild rosacea, you will be treated by antibiotic cream (metronidazole, clindamycin, and erythromycin) or antibiotics. Rosacea will often recur and you may need to take medication regularly to control the symptoms. Early treatment can slow the progression of disease. In more serious cases, it needs to combine drugs. A few rare cases, severe swelling of nose needs surgery or laser treatment. Laser treatment is sometimes used for the large veins and red.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage rosacea?
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Print edition. Page 135.
Rosacea. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rosacea/basics/definition/con-20014478. Accessed July 7, 2016.
Rosacea. American Academy of Dermatology. https://www.aad.org/dermatology-a-to-z/diseases- and-treatments/q- -- t/rosacea. Accessed July 7, 2016.
Rosacea: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000879.htm. Accessed July 7, 2016.
Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017