Know the basics
What is plantar fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis is a condition in which foot becomes inflamed (swelling) causing heel pain. Plantar fascia is a band of tissue like rubber bands underneath the foot bone. It is tied at the end of the bone near heel and toe. When the plantar fascia becomes inflamed, patient will feel sharply painful near the heel, especially when you start to walk early in the morning.
How common is plantar fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis is common in men between the ages of 40 and 60. The disease often occurs in athletes or those who run a lot. In addition, overweight people who often wear no cushion support are also at risk. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of plantar fasciitis?
Symptoms of plantar fasciitis include severe pain, or ache in heel and pain when you walk after waking up. The more you walk, the better the pain. In more severe cases, you always have pain when walking. Sometimes the pain extends from the heel to the toe and the heel becomes swollen or bruised.
There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.
Know the causes
What causes plantar fasciitis?
Cause of plantar fasciitis is foot muscle injury. Pressure when walking, running and standing in a long time may stretch and injure leg that could have caused the pain. In addition, using inappropriate shoes for a long time which have is no support is also the cause of plantar fasciitis.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for plantar fasciitis?
There are many risk factors for plantar fasciitis, such as:
- Gender and age: plantar fasciitis often occurs in men between the ages of 40 and 60 years old.
- Do some certain exercises: these activities put too much pressure on heel and tissues, such as running, hiking, ballet and aerobics can rapidly lead to plantar fasciitis.
- Foot muscles abnormalities: malformations in legs or unusual walk also affects the feet and cause plantar fasciitis.
- Obesity: Overweight will put more pressure on soles of feet muscles.
- Work requiring standing much like factory workers, teachers or some other profession standing or walking on hard surfaces will be able to hurt muscle tendon of the foot.
There are no risk factors not meaning you cannot get sick. These signs are for reference only. You should consult a specialist doctor for more details.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is plantar fasciitis diagnosed?
Doctors diagnose you based on your symptoms and examine the foot. In addition, if the diagnosis is unclear and doctors still suspect you have other diseases, you will have the following methods:
- Foot X-rays.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
How is plantar fasciitis treated?
The common treatment of plantar fasciitis include:
- Reduce pressure on the heel by not standing for long periods and take rest for foot.
- Weight loss also reduces burden on the heel and reduces
- Painkillers such as acetaminophen and anti-inflammatory medications can make symptoms milder.
If this does not work, you may need to be referred to a plastic surgeon, physiotherapist or foot specialist. Your physiotherapist may guide you to do strain exercises or simple massage. Chiropractors can force the heel and bend your foot to help soothe the pain while moving.
Night splint can help you relieve persistent pain by letting the foot rest and prevent heel tendons stretched through the night. Steroid injections into the heel can help you relieve pain. If the pain lasts long, doctor will carry out measures such as foot and ankle in a cast, nerve stimulation (TENS) and acupuncture. In case the pain was not relieved, your doctor will take surgery in order to help soles not stretched.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage plantar fasciitis?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with plantar fasciitis:
- Relax your legs, lose weight and wear suitable shoes.
- Stop exercising for a while until your skin heals completely.
- Call your doctor if the symptoms not relieved despite treatment.
- Stretches frequently, especially before exercise. You can prevent back pain.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Download version.
Porter, R. S., Kaplan, J. L., Homeier, B. P., & Albert, R. K. (2009). The Merck manual home health handbook. Whitehouse Station, NJ, Merck Research Laboratories. Page 608.
Plantar fasciitis. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/plantar-fasciitis/basics/definition/con-20025664. Accessed July 13, 2016.
Plantar fasciitis. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007021.htm. Accessed July 13, 2016.
Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017