Know the basics
What is orchitis?
Orchitis is inflammation (swelling) of one or both testicles in the scrotum. The disease is usually caused by infection or testicular mumps virus causes.
Orchitis caused by bacteria can cause infection by sexually transmitted (STIs), especially gonorrhea or chlamydia. Bacterial orchitis is often lead to epididymitis, an inflammation of the reel insemination (epididymis) on the back of the testicle.
Orchitis causes pain and can affect fertility. However, fortunately, if treated well, most cases are cured completely without leaving complications and rarely result in infertility patients.
How common is orchitis?
Orchitis diagnosed at any age, but the majority are men over 45, and especially the patient is mumps. You can limit your ability to disease by reducing the risk factors. Please consult your doctor for more information.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of orchitis?
The common symptoms of orchitis include:
- Pain and swelling in the scrotum, swelling symptoms may last for several weeks after recovery.
- Pain when urinating.
- Heavy feeling in the affected parties.
- There is blood and semen.
- Scrotum pain when touching and painful sexual intercourse.
There may be other symptoms and signs are not mentioned. If you have any questions about these signs, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
If you have signs and symptoms mentioned above, or have any questions or concerns, please consult your doctor. Status and condition can vary in many people. Always discuss with your doctor to be appointed diagnostic methods, treatment and the best treatment for you.
Know the causes
What causes orchitis?
The main cause testicular inflammation is caused by infection. Many bacteria and viruses that can cause this condition. In the most common virus that causes orchitis is mumps virus. The disease usually occurs in boys after puberty. Orchitis usually develops 4-6 days after the mumps.
Orchitis may also occur with a urinary tract infection and epididymis.
In addition, a further source can lead to epididymitis infection is spread through sexual contact (STIs) such as gonorrhea or chlamydia.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for orchitis?
Factors that increase risk for orchitis, include:
- Do not vaccinated mumps;
- Urinary tract infections;
- Having surgery involving the genitals or urinary tract;
- There congenital abnormalities in the urinary tract;
- Having unsafe sex
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is orchitis diagnosed?
Treatment will depend on the cause and include:
- Antibiotics, if bacterial infection (In case you have gonorrhea or chlamydia and your partner should also be treated).
- Anti-inflammatory medications.
- Pain reliever.
- Bed rest, enhance and ice testicular infection area that can help you relieve pain.
What are the most common tests for orchitis?
To diagnose testicular inflammation, doctors clinical examination to consider the symptoms. The doctor will also do some tests, such as:
- A whole blood count.
- Testicular ultrasound.
- Tests to detect chlamydia and gonorrhea (urethral testing).
- A urine test.
If there is waste from the penis, the doctor may take a sample and send it to a lab for study. This test can help find out whether sexually transmitted infection or not.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage orchitis?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with orchitis:
- Apply ice to the scrotum bag to relieve the swelling and pain.
- Wear loincloth worn by athletes.
- Drink plenty of water and non-prescription medication for pain. If severe pain, your doctor may prescribe stronger medications.
- Call your doctor if severe pain, high fevers or dysuria.
- Use condoms to avoid getting sexually transmitted infection.
- Talk with your doctor if you are prone to urinary tract infections.
- Inject the vaccine and children vaccinated against mumps orchitis to prevent due to mumps.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Download version.
Orchitis. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001280.htm. Accessed September 28, 2015.
Orchitis. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/orchitis/basics/treatment/con-20032815. Accessed September 28, 2015.