What is obsessive compulsive disorder?


Know the basics

What is obsessive compulsive disorder?

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a psychiatric disorder that affects thinking and behavior of the patient. Patients develop thought that appear constantly and makes patients have repetitive compulsive actions. For example, the door was locked wondering whether or not the test could lead to the door several times. Patients often can try to eliminate the thinking that, but this just makes them tense and anxious. Finally, they had to take action to relieve stress.

How common is obsessive compulsive disorder?

Obsessive compulsive disorder often appears under the age of 20, especially in those who have experienced multiple stressful events in life. These symptoms can sometimes be improved but never really disappears. Please consult your doctor for more information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder?

Signs and symptoms of the disorder primarily obsessive is the appearance of obsessive and compulsive behavior is not due to drug use or other conditions. They cause you distress and affect your daily life. There are many types of obsessive and compulsive behavior, such as:

The haunting:

  • Have unwanted thoughts as seen violent images.
  • Feeling responsible for the wrong things and something bad will happen.
  • Concerned excessive body waste, dirt or bacteria.
  • Worrying excessively to the pollutants and not worry about being ill to an unreasonable degree.
  • The compulsive behavior
  • Waking up several times at night to make sure the device has been turned off, doors locked and windows closed.
  • Sort clothes, shoes or dishes in the same order or in a certain direction, the new end of anxiety.
  • Wash your hands constantly for fear of infection (although this is not likely to happen).

Patients often do not want to carry out such acts, but often cannot control them. Compulsive behaviors may occupy most of the time during the day and make it difficult to do more useful work.

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

You need to see a doctor if:

  • Disorder obsessive too much influence to your life
  • Meet the physical symptoms such as chest pain or palpitations or if you have thoughts of suicide or homicide.

Know the causes

What causes obsessive compulsive disorder?

Currently the scientists have yet to figure out the exact cause obsessive-compulsive disorder. Several factors may contribute to the disease include:

  • Head injury;
  • Infection;
  • Have functional abnormalities in certain areas of the brain;

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for obsessive compulsive disorder?

Factors that increase risk for obsessive compulsive disorder include:

  • Family history: parents or family members suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder can increase your risk.
  • Experiencing stressful events in your life or tend to react strongly to stress can increase the risk of developing obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is obsessive compulsive disorder diagnosed?

Doctors often diagnose OCD based on the symptoms that you describe. Your doctor will also carry out a clinical examination to eliminate other causes of your symptoms. Also, doctors may conduct psychological evaluations. In psychological assessment method, the doctor can check the status of mental patients by observing the appearance, demeanor and asking about thoughts, mood, paranoia, hallucinations, substance abuse addiction and the ability to violence or suicide.

How is obsessive compulsive disorder treated?

Obsessive compulsive disorder can be treated using combination therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy.

Medication: Doctors may prescribe medications to help control mental obsession and compulsive behavior. Typically, anti-depressants will be used first and may include:

  • Clomipramine (Anafranil);
  • Fluvoxamine (Luvox CR);
  • Fluoxetine (Prozac);
  • Paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva);
  • Sertraline (Zoloft).

Cognitive behavioral therapy: thinking you have false negative or somewhere often forms the mentally ill in the long run. Cognitive therapy helps you find the subconscious habit that causes nerve. Later, behavioral therapy and training guide for your other habits to avoid thinking that goes. When you no longer think the same way again means that symptoms have been cured.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage obsessive compulsive disorder?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with obsessive compulsive disorder:

  • Tell your doctor if the symptoms persist or get worse after treatment for some time.
  • Tell your doctor if you have new symptoms or you do not feel well while taking the drug.
  • Exercise moderately.
  • Take your medicines as directed by your doctor even if you feel better already. Stopping medication can cause symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder return.
  • Contact your doctor before you use drugs or other functional foods.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017