Know the basics
What is nosebleeds?
Nosebleeds are common phenomena as bleeding from your nose because the blood vessels inside the nose injury. Normally, blood flows from one nostril only. Almost everyone has at least once in a lifetime nosebleed. The majority of the cases, the blood will stop flowing when you are pressing on the nose, but some people may be in need of medical care.
How common is nosebleeds?
Nosebleed is a fairly common phenomenon. This phenomenon often occurs in children were twice more likely than adults. You can limit your ability to disease by reducing the risk factors. Please consult your doctor for more information.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of nosebleeds?
Symptoms include bleeding from one or both sides of the nose, blood can flow down back of the throat causing coughing, coughing or vomiting blood. After being pretty much amounts of blood flowing from the nose, you go outside you can see stool black or tarry, it means that you have ingested a large amount of blood.
There may be other symptoms not mentioned. If you have any questions about these signs, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
Call your doctor if you:
- Feel strong spray of blood from your nose or you vomits blood several times.
- Have hypertension or hematological disorders (hemophilia, leukemia) can cause nosebleeds.
- Showing use anticoagulants (warfarin).
- Have a fever higher than 38.90C, especially when you have been stuffed nose burning wool or hemostasis.
- Have trouble in breathing.
- Bleeding after 30 minutes non-stop even when the nose was crushed.
- Occurs after trauma, such as car accidents.
Know the causes
What causes nosebleeds?
Broken blood vessels in the nose spot, such as injury (hit on the nose) can cause nose bleeds. Other causes include chemical, infection, abnormal blood vessels in the nose and diseases like hypertension or coagulopathy. The most common cause dry nose by breathing dry air, especially in winter.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for nosebleeds?
Factors that increase risk for nosebleeds include:
- Hot, dry. This triggers a bloody nose while taking the heat for heating in winter. The atmosphere in the hot, dry nasal mucosa make fragile cracked and broke. Frequent nosebleeds when pre-season body tissues promptly acquainted with changes in humidity.
- Nasal septum. If the septum between the two nostrils is deflected to one side, the gas stream enters the nostrils will be uneven. The change in atmosphere makes the nasal mucosa narrow walls dry, cracked out leading to increased risk of bleeding.
- Colds and allergies. Respiratory infections and allergies cause inflammation inside the nose. As congestive much as dilate blood vessels, making them more vulnerable. Strong blow nose-to-nose ventilation can also make your nose starts bleeding or bleeding back after hemostasis.
- Contact chemical irritation. The leading cause is cigarette smoke, including passive smoking. Workers can also get a nosebleed from occupational exposure to sulfuric acid, ammonia, gasoline or other irritating chemicals.
- For example, renal failure, thrombocytopenia, hypertension and congenital blood clotting disorders (such as hemophilia).
- Habitual drunkard. Alcohol affects the normal functioning of platelets in the blood that increases the time it takes for blood to clot. Alcohol also makes the superficial blood vessels dilate, prone to injury and bleeding.
- Drugs affecting the blood clotting process. They include prescription drugs such as anticoagulants and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and aspirin such as ibuprofen (Aleve, Motrin and other drugs)
- Homeopathic medicines and dietary supplements. Some supplements may contain chemicals that prolong bleeding similar to prescribe anticoagulants. Some examples are Dashen, dong quai, Feverfew, ginger, garlic, Ginko biloba, ginseng and vitamin E.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is nosebleeds diagnosed?
In healthy adults, most cases mild nosebleeds can be self-diagnosed and treated at home.
The doctor will diagnose the disease based on reasonable to ask money, the drugs you are taking and clinical examination. You can get a blood test if large amounts of bleeding or suspected causes of nosebleeds are caused by pathological hematology.
How is nosebleeds treated?
The first treatments are pressed directly into the nose. Grasp nose between thumb and finger and hold within 10 to 30 minutes until the bleeding stops.
Place an ice pack on the neck or nose can help reduce bleeding. Sit leaning forward to bleeding instead of blood runs down the throat to help prevent vomiting blood. Saline nasal spray and an air humidifier may reduce nasal dryness.
If heavy bleeding, you will need the help of a doctor.
Sometimes, you may need gauze stuffed up his nose. Doctors may burn broken blood vessels to prevent bleeding.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage nosebleeds?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with nosebleeds:
- Control your blood pressure.
- Avoid using preparations containing aspirin if you or a bloody nose.
- Moisten the air in the home and at work, if possible, contain petroleum jelly put a little into the nostrils and using a mask or scarf around the cold, dry. Saline nasal sprays can also stop bleeding due to dry weather.
- Avoid chemicals, dust or filter masks. Your doctor may prescribe steroid nasal spray if you have an infection or allergy.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Print edition. Page 831.
Porter, R. S., Kaplan, J. L., Homeier, B. P., & Albert, R. K. (2009). The Merck manual home health handbook. Whitehouse Station, NJ, Merck Research Laboratories. Print edition. Page 1394.
Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017