What is nephrotic-syndrome?


Know the basics

What is nephrotic-syndrome?

Nephrotic syndrome is a disorder of the kidneys when the kidneys excrete too much protein with urine out of the body. Each kidney consists of 1 million filters to clean the blood is toxic. Healthy kidneys will retain these important substances called proteins in the blood. The body needs protein to grow and repair themselves. With this syndrome, renal elimination with both protein and other wastes from the body during urination. Nephrotic syndrome causes swelling (edema), especially in your feet and your ankles and increases the risk of other health problems.

How common is nephrotic-syndrome?

The disease can appear at any age. But the most common disease in children. You can limit your ability to disease by reducing the risk factors. Please consult your doctor for more information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of nephrotic-syndrome?

Nephrotic syndrome is usually painless, but the volume of water in the body causes stress and discomfort. Initial symptoms from building this country and ankles swollen eye. Then the skin is puffy, swollen belly up. Less the amount of urine, the urine may have foam. Other symptoms include weakness, loss of appetite and feeling sick. In addition, you will also have high cholesterol levels than normal due to kidney damage.

There may be other symptoms not mentioned. If you have any questions about these signs, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have signs and symptoms mentioned above, or have any questions or concerns, please consult your doctor. Also, if you have a fever, chills, shortness of breath, chest pain, stomach or leg; Please contact your doctor immediately. Status and condition can vary in many people. Always discuss with your doctor to be appointed diagnostic methods, treatment and the best treatment for you.

Know the causes

What causes nephrotic-syndrome?

Nephrotic syndrome is usually caused by damage to the small blood vessels (glomeruli) of the kidneys. The glomerular filtration of blood as the blood passes through the kidneys. Healthy glomeruli keep blood protein (mainly albumin – a substance needed to maintain a sufficient amount of fluid in your body) and filter waste products in the urine out of the body. When damaged, platelets cannot keep blood proteins are filtered out of the body, leading to nephrotic syndrome.

These various kidney problems may lead to nephrotic syndrome. The most common is kidney inflammation known as glomerulonephritis. In addition, diabetes is one of the causes of nephrotic syndrome.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for nephrotic-syndrome?

Factors that may increase the risk of developing nephrotic syndrome, include:

  • Have the damage, diseases such as diabetes, lupus, powder degenerative diseases minimal glomerular lesions and other kidney diseases.
  • Some medicines can cause nephrotic syndrome such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics.
  • Some infections increase the risk of nephrotic syndrome include: HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C and malaria.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is nephrotic-syndrome diagnosed?

The symptoms usually begin to improve within 2-3 weeks after starting treatment with diet and medication. May need different medicines. Immunosuppressive drug, prednisone and cyclophosphamide such as may be needed to help treat nephritis. Diuretics (furosemide like) to reduce swelling. The drug must be administered within 3 months or more.

Because those with nephrotic syndrome tend to blood clots in the legs so the patient must actively campaigning. Your doctor can help solution anticoagulants to prevent blood clots appear.

Other drugs, such as angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE) can be used to reduce the loss of protein and blood pressure. Cholesterol-lowering drugs such as statins are often used to reduce cholesterol levels occurs in nephrotic syndrome.

How is nephrotic-syndrome treated?

The doctor will diagnose the disease based on the symptoms such as swollen ankles, swollen legs or even facial swelling. The doctor will see high levels of protein in urine tests. Blood tests will be done to assess kidney function. In some cases, a kidney biopsy may be performed to determine the cause of nephrotic syndrome. In a biopsy, a small piece of tissue is taken from the kidney and studied in the laboratory.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage nephrotic-syndrome?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with nephrotic syndrome:

  • Eat a low-fat, low-salt diet.
  • Ask your doctor about the amount of protein should eat and drink each day the amount of water needed.
  • Do not lie down much and actively works to help waste water and prevent clotting.
  • Take your medicines as directed by your doctor, do not voluntarily quit.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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