Know the basics
What is nail fungus?
Nail fungus is a condition in which fingernails or toenails appear white spots or yellow. This is a fungal infection that is very common. Treatment of nail fungus is not difficult. If not well cared for, the disease will not recur.
How common is nail fungus?
All of them have the possibility of nail fungus, especially in people with diabetes. You can limit your ability to disease by reducing the risk factors. Please consult your doctor for more information.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of nail fungus?
The signs and symptoms of nail fungus include:
- Nails turn yellow, brown or white;
- Nail thicker and change shape;
- Nails brittle and flaky with fresh cracked;
- Accumulation of dirt under the nail fungus and cause bad breath;
- Separated from the toe nails or finger and rarely painful.
There may be other symptoms not mentioned. If you have any questions about these signs, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
Call your doctor or go to hospital if this situation lasts, and no sign of abating. You should also see your doctor if you have diabetes and that you are suffering from nail fungus. Status and condition can vary in many people. Always discuss with your doctor to be appointed diagnostic methods, treatment and the best treatment for you.
Know the causes
What causes nail fungus?
The most common cause is a fungus called dermatophytes. Patients often infected and spread the disease in places like swimming pools, public dressing room, where they go barefoot. These places have a warm and a humid condition is the best place for growing mushrooms.
Fungal infections can spread in the family by sharing towels, shoes and socks. In addition, the injury will also cause nail nails susceptible to the disease.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for nail fungus?
Factors that may increase the risk of developing nail fungus include:
- Older people, due to reduced blood flow, have many years of exposure to fungi and nails grow more slowly.
- Heavy sweating.
- As men, especially if your family has a history of fungal nail infections.
- Working in a humid environment or do the work that you often get wet hands, as bartender or cleanup.
- Wear socks and shoes or wet.
- Living with people who had a nail fungus.
- Going barefoot in wet areas, such as swimming pool, fitness room and a bathroom.
- A foot fungus.
- Skin wounds or small nails, or skin diseases such as psoriasis.
- Diabetes, circulatory problems, weakened immune systems or Down’s syndrome in children.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is nail fungus diagnosed?
Your doctor can diagnose a fungal nail infection based on your symptoms. In addition, the doctor will also check by taking a sample nail manicure and sent to the laboratory to confirm the diagnosis.
How is nail fungus treated?
Fungicides such as terbinafine oral intake for 3 months and 6 weeks toenail fungus for fungal nail treatments are common. Some people can not take these drugs because of drug problems and other health conditions can be used to antifungal drugs applied directly to the infected nail. Your doctor will also use laser treatments to remove fungus or you may have to remove the infected nail fungus.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage nail fungus?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with nail fungus:
- Follow the instructions for use of fungicides.
- Tell your doctor and other patients suffering from as well as taking drugs.
- Wear properly fitted shoes and breathable.
- Wear clean socks and dehumidifiers. Wash socks, towels and rugs.
- Clean and check the feet every day. Keep your feet dry. Report signs of infection (swelling, pus) for physicians.
- Contact a doctor if the finger or toe nails or cracked around becomes red and sensitive.
- Avoid walking barefoot in public places, especially the gym, showers and changing rooms.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: December 17, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Download version.
Nail Fungus. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/nail-fungus/basics/definition/con-20019319. Accessed July 30, 2015.
Nail Fungus. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001330.htm. Accessed July 30, 2015.