Know the basics
What is nacrolepsy?
Nacrolepsy is a chronic disease in which the patient can fall asleep at any time and any place that cannot control, no matter how long they had slept in days. The patient will feel fine up after sleeping for about 10 to 15 minutes of sleepiness, but then wellbeing quickly disappears and they fall asleep again. Nacrolepsy can occur while driving, working or talking. It is a lifelong disease with no cure. However, if treated properly and have a healthy lifestyle, you can control this situation.
How common is nacrolepsy?
Anyone can get this disease. Among all ages, the most popular age are between 15 and 30. You may limit your risk of this disease by reducing the risk factors. Please consult your doctor for more information.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of nacrolepsy?
The signs and symptoms of narcolepsy include:
- Feeling sleepy during the daytime: this condition usually lasts from a few seconds to several minutes and often occurs after eating, talking to someone, or in many other situations.
- Weak muscles partially or totally (atony): you cannot control the movement of his arms and legs. In some severe cases, you may be falling or paralysis in a matter of minutes.
- Have hallucinations: you see or hear things that do not actually exist. This condition may occur during sleep or upon waking fit.
There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
Call your doctor or go to hospital if this situation lasts affect daily life and your job. Status and condition can vary in many people. Always discuss with your doctor to be appointed diagnostic methods, treatment and the best treatment for you.
Know the causes
What causes nacrolepsy?
Nacrolepsy’s cause is not so clear. However, people who have this disease have low concentrations Hypocretin. This is important to help you stay awake. Although the exact cause is unclear reduce Hypocretin producing cells in the brain, but experts suspect it is due to an autoimmune reaction. Additionally, gust disease paroxysmal sleep also comes from a family history; scientists have found some genes involved in this disease are genetic to the next generation.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for nacrolepsy?
There are many factors that can increase the risk of sleep paroxysmal attacks, including:
- An injury to the brain;
- Nervous system pathology;
There are no risk factors does not mean you cannot get sick. These signs are for reference only. You should consult a specialist doctor for more details.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is nacrolepsy diagnosed?
The doctor will examine the clinical and ask you about sleep paroxysmal episodes occur. There are also other ways to diagnose as:
- Blood tests: to determine whether there are any other disease affecting your sleep or not.
- Take ECG, EEG shooting.
- Genetic testing: check for the presence of genes that cause the disease or not.
How is nacrolepsy treated?
There is currently no method to cure and no single therapy that can control the disease. Your doctor may prescribe only drugs to reduce the duration of sleep during the day and night to help sleep is deeper. Your doctor will also use a number of antidepressants to relieve symptoms such as hallucinations or “incubus”.
In addition, measures such as exercise, avoiding caffeine, alcohol or alcohol can also help less severe disease.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage nacrolepsy?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with nacrolepsy:
- Take prescription drugs;
- Rest regularly in the day if possible;
- Go to bed and wake up on time. Try to sleep at least 8 hours per night;
- Do exercise.
- Do not smoke, use of caffeine, alcohol.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Download version.
Porter, R. S., Kaplan, J. L., Homeier, B. P., & Albert, R. K. (2009). The Merck manual home health handbook. Whitehouse Station, NJ, Merck Research Laboratories. Print edition. Page 673.
Narcolepsy. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000802.htm. Accessed July 14, 2016.
Narcolepsy. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/narcolepsy/basics/definition/con-20027429. Accessed July 14, 2016.
Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017