Know the basics
What is myocarditis?
Myocarditis is an infection caused by a virus makes the heart muscle becomes inflamed and swollen. If severe infection, heart muscle can not perform the function helps the heart contracts to pump blood to the body feed. This causes blood to clot formation of clots in the heart leading to heart attack or even stroke.
How common is myocarditis?
All of them have the ability to get vaccinated myositis. You can limit your ability to disease by reducing the risk factors. Please consult your doctor for more information.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of myocarditis?
The common symptoms are often confused with the flu, they include:
- Chest pain;
- Heart pounding (palpitation);
- Shortness of breath;
- Fever or chills;
- Advocacy difficult;
- Feel tired.
- The irritation of the heart muscle that can lead to cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure or even fainting.
There may be other symptoms not mentioned. If you have any questions about these signs, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
You should see your doctor if you have any symptoms of myocarditis, especially chest pain and difficulty breathing.
If you have an infection, especially infection, you should note that the symptoms of myocarditis and immediately notify your doctor if symptoms of myocarditis occurs.
If you have severe symptoms such as myocardial infarction or stroke, you should get immediate emergency.
Know the causes
What causes myocarditis?
There are many causes of arthritis include trauma, infection, radiation exposure and side effects of specific drugs. The most common cause of myocarditis is infection of respiratory virus like Coxsackie group B causes mild flu, a cold or virus pathogenic adeno virus due to acute infectious erythema (parvovirus B19). Gastritis-colon or infectious mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr virus) and measles can also cause myocarditis. In addition, the disease also occurs in patients with HIV.
Other causes of myocardial inflammation causes include:
- Infections, including strep, staph, bacteria that cause diphtheria and parasitic bacteria on ticks.
- Parasites arc (toxoplasmosis) and parasites Trypanosoma cruzi protozoan.
- Irritation to the antibiotics penicillin, sulfonamide, antiepileptic drugs, and drugs.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for myocarditis?
These factors increase the risk of myocarditis include:
- A viral infection causing respiratory illness or pneumonia or bacterial infections.
- HIV infection.
- Being treated with penicillin, a treatment for epilepsy.
- Have a weakened immune system.
- Addictive substance abuse or sedatives.
No risk factor does not mean you cannot get sick. These signs are for reference only. You should consult a specialist doctor for more details.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is myocarditis diagnosed?
Myocarditis is hard to diagnose because symptoms are not specific and appear relatively late after myocardial inflammation. Doctors diagnose myocarditis by physical examination, blood tests, echocardiography, EKG (ECG) and heart muscle biopsy.
How is myocarditis treated?
These treatments include:
- Use of antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs to combat inflammation.
- Use a diuretic to reduce excess water in the body.
- Eat less salt.
- Limit the strong mobilization.
If we see weak heart muscle, the doctor will give you some medicines used to treat heart failure. Devices such as pacemakers can also be used when your heartbeat becomes erratic. Additionally, you’ll be using blood-thinning drugs if doctors see the heart you have abnormal blood clots in the heart chambers appear. In more severe cases, the doctor will conduct heart transplant surgery if you notice contractions too weak heart.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage myocarditis?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with myocarditis:
- Rest incorporate moderate exercise. Your doctor will tell you what physical activities you can participate in and after the treatment process.
- Reduce high-salt diet, restrict carbonated water and avoid smoking. Your doctor will tell you what kind of water you should avoid as well as what is the appropriate amount of salt to meals.
- Re-examination appointments for monitoring disease progression as well as your health.
- Listen to the guidance of a doctor, not arbitrarily medication not specified or arbitrarily abandon prescription medication was prescribed for you.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: December 13, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Print edition, page 43
Myocarditis. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/myocarditis/basics/definition/con-20027303. Accessed July 30, 2016.
Myocarditis. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000149.htm. Accessed July 30, 2016.