What is mononucleosis?


Know the basics

What is mononucleosis?

Mononucleosis, or mono, is a viral infection that causes fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph glands, most often in the neck. Infectious mononucleosis (mono) is often called the kissing disease. The virus that causes mono is transmitted through saliva, so you can get it through kissing, but you can also be exposed through a cough or sneeze, or by sharing a glass or food utensils with someone who has mono. The most serious complication is the spleen becoming swollen. However, this condition usually harmless and goes away by itself

How common is mononucleosis?

Mono occurs most often in people ages 15 to 17, but the infection may develop at any age. You can minimized the chance of having hernias by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of mononucleosis?

Common symptoms of mono include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Fever
  • General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle aches or stiffness
  • Rash
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes, most often in the neck and armpit

Less common symptoms:

  • Chest pain
  • Cough
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Hives
  • Jaundice (yellow color to the skin and whites of the eyes)
  • Neck stiffness
  • Nosebleed
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Shortness of breath

There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Know the causes

What causes mononucleosis?

The cause of mononucleosis is Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). The virus transmitted through saliva, so you can get it through kissing, or through a cough or sneeze, or by sharing a glass or food utensils with someone who has mono.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for mononucleosis?

There are currently not enough information to specify any factors that increase the risk of having mononucleosis

Not having risk factors does not mean you can not get hamstring strains. These factors are for reference only. You should consult your doctor for more details.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is mononucleosis diagnosed?

The doctor takes a medical history and does an examination, with special attention to the neck, throat, and abdomen. Blood test and maybe throat cultures are done to be sure of the diagnosis and exclude other diseases.

How is mononucleosis treated?

The goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms. Steroid medicine (prednisone) may be given if symptoms are severe.

To relieve typical symptoms, you should:

  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Gargle with warm salt water to ease a sore throat.
  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Take acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain and fever.

You should also avoid contact sports if your spleen is swollen (to prevent it from rupturing).

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage mononucleosis?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with mononucleosis :

  • Get plenty of rest and drink lots of fluids
  • Tell your doctor about al medicines, including prescription and nonprescription
  • Tell your doctor if you have stomach or shoulder pain
  • Avoid kissing or sharing food or utensils with someone who’s sick. Wash your hands often.
  • Wash your hand frequently

Avoid playing contact sport until totally recovered
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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