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Definition

What is metabolic syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome is a name for a group of risk factors that occur together and increase the chance of having heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.

How common is metabolic syndrome?

This health condition is extremely common. It can affect patients at any age. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Symptoms

What are the symptoms of metabolic syndrome?

Most of the metabolic risk factors have no signs or symptoms, although a large waistline is a visible sign.

Some people may have symptoms of high blood sugar if diabetes—especially type 2 diabetes—is present. Symptoms of high blood sugar often include increased thirst; increased urination, especially at night; fatigue (tiredness); and blurred vision.

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Causes

What causes metabolic syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome is closely linked to overweight or obesity and inactivity. Doctors are not sure whether the syndrome is due to one single cause.

 

Risk factors

What increases my risk for metabolic syndrome?

There are many risk factors for metabolic syndrome, such as:

  • Having “apple-shaped” body type. Extra weight around the middle and upper parts of the body.
  • Your risk of metabolic syndrome increases with age.
  • In the United States, Mexican-Americans appear to be at the greatest risk of developing metabolic syndrome.
  • Carrying too much weight, especially in your abdomen, increases your risk of metabolic syndrome.
  • You’re more likely to have metabolic syndrome if you had diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes) or if you have a family history of type 2 diabetes.
  • Other diseases.Your risk of metabolic syndrome is higher if you’ve ever had cardiovascular disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or polycystic ovary syndrome.

Diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is metabolic syndrome diagnosed?

According to guidelines used by the National Institutes of Health, you have metabolic syndrome if you have three or more of these traits or are taking medication to control them:

  • Blood pressure equal to or higher than 130/85 mmHg.
  • Fasting blood sugar (glucose) equal to or higher than 100 mg/dl.
  • Large waist circumference (length around the waist): for men, 40 inches or more; for women, 35 inches or more.
  • Low HDL (good) cholesterol: for men, 40 mg/dl or less; for women, 50 mg/dl or less .
  • Triglycerides equal to or higher than 150 mg/dl.

How is metabolic syndrome treated?

The goal of treatment is to reduce your risk of heart disease and diabetes. Your doctor will recommend medicines to control your disease. He or she often prescribe statins for people have diabetes, heart disease or had a prior stroke, high LDL cholesterol levels.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage metabolic syndrome?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with metabolic syndrome:

  • Managing stress.
  • Stop smoking. Smoking cigarettes worsen the health consequences of metabolic syndrome.
  • Limit unhealthy fats and emphasize fruits, vegetables, fish and whole grains.
  • Eating less salt to prevent high blood pressure.
  • Lose weight. The goal is to lose between 7% and 10% of your current weight.
  • Do exercise. Get 30 – 60 minutes of low-to-moderate intensity exercise, such as walking, 5 to 7 days a week.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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