Know the basics
What is meckel diverticulum?
A diverticulum is a small saclike swelling in the wall of the intestine, a part of the digestive system. A Meckel diverticulum is one that is in the lower part of the small intestine. It’s found in the part of the small intestine called as the ileum, usually about 40 inches from the start of the large intestine. It’s usually 1 to 2 inches long. Most of these diverticula also contain tissue that is normally found in the stomach or pancreas. This abnormal tissue makes chemicals that are usually made in the stomach and pancreas, so ulcers and bleeding of the lining of the small intestine may occur. Additionally, Meckel diverticulitis, like other diverticulitis, can become inflamed or cause intussusception.
How common is meckel diverticulum?
There will be 3 babies with Meckel diverticulum in 100 babies is born. This is the most common congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.. You can minimize the chance of having hernias by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of meckel diverticulum?
Symptoms of Meckel’s diverticulum may include:
- Pain in the abdomen that can be mild or severe;
- Blood in the stool;
- Nausea and vomiting.
There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
Call your doctor or go to hospital if you or your child has abdominal pain, dizziness, blood in the stool. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.
Know the causes
What causes meckel diverticulum?
Meckel diverticulum is present at birth (congenital). It’s due to abnormal development of the GI tract in the fetus. Tissue left over from structures in the unborn baby’s GI tract don’t get fully absorbed before birth.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for meckel diverticulum?
Currently, scientists have not find out the risk factors for Meckel diverticulum yet. However not having risk factors does not mean you can not get hamstring strains. These factors are for reference only. You should consult your doctor for more details.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is meckel diverticulum diagnosed?
People who have this diverticulum but are asymptomatic don’t need any treatment. People with symptoms need surgery. The part of the small intestine with the diverticulum is taken out. The intestine is then repaired. Besides, Antibiotics may be given for complications involving intestinal blockage or infection.
How is meckel diverticulum treated?
The doctors may make diagnosis by the following tests:
- Stool smear for invisible blood (stool occult blood test);
- CT scan;
- Technetium scan (also called a Meckel’s scan).
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage meckel diverticulum?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with Meckel diverticulum :
- Re-examine punctually to keep track on the disease’s progress and your health condition.
- Follow doctor’s instructions.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Print edition
Porter, R. S., Kaplan, J. L., Homeier, B. P., & Albert, R. K. (2009). The Merck manual home health handbook. Whitehouse Station, NJ, Merck Research Laboratories.Page1798
Meckel Diverticulum. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000234.htm. Accessed August 12, 2016.
Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017