Definition

What is a malignant neoplasm?

A malignant neoplasm is a cancerous tumor, an abnormal growth that can grow uncontrolled and spread to other parts of the body.

Tumors, or neoplasms, are groupings of abnormal cells that cluster together to form a mass or lump. They’re formed when cells divide and grow excessively, and they can be benign (not cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

A cancerous tumor (malignant neoplasm) can grow unchecked, invade healthy tissue and metastasize (spread), or spread from the place where it starts to other parts of the body. If it goes untreated and continues to spread, a malignant neoplasm can interfere with organ function and become life threatening.

How common is malignant neoplasm?

Malignant neoplasms are common. They can affect patients at any age. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Symptoms

What are the symptoms of malignant neoplasm?

Malignant neoplasms may not have symptoms initially and the first indication that something isn’t right may be the detection of a painless lump. These types of neoplasms (tumors) are “elastic,” which enables them to grow fairly large before they are detected. As they grow and begin to press against organs, blood vessels and nerves, pain and general soreness at the site may occur.

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

Any growing neoplasm should be recognized and evaluated promptly. The sooner a malignant neoplasm is detected, the more effectively it can be treated, so early diagnosis is important. Many types of cancer can be cured. Treatment for other types can allow people to live for many years with cancer.

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Causes

What causes malignant neoplasm?

There are many suspected causes of cancer – some are widely accepted by the medical community while others are not. The medical community has studied and debated the causes of malignant neoplasms for years. Obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption, poor diet, environmental pollution, heavy metal exposure, and household toxins are a few culprits that may lead to cancer in your body.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for malignant neoplasm?

Most neoplasms result from environmental factors or a hereditary/genetic source. Common environmental risk factors include tobacco (the primary cause of most lung neoplasms), alcohol, poor diet, poor exercise regimen, and chemical pollutants. A very small percentage of malignant neoplasms are hereditary.

Diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is malignant neoplasm diagnosed?

A malignant neoplasm can be detected in a number of ways:

  • Local symptoms: Lumps, swelling, hemorrhaging, and acute pain found near the neoplasm itself are all examples of local symptoms.
  • Metastatic symptoms: Enlarged lymph nodes, an enlarged liver (hepatomegaly), and an enlarged spleen (splenomegaly) are common metastatic symptoms, which can be found anywhere in the body if the neoplasmhas spread.
  • Systemic symptoms: These are more generic symptoms that may indicate an illness, though not necessarily a malignant neoplasm. These include excessive sweating (particularly at night), weight loss due to poor appetite, fatigue, anemia, and a host of other common symptoms.

If a neoplasm is suspected, a pathologist can perform a biopsy on the cells to determine whether or not it is malignant. Medical professionals can do a screening on a patient to detect the presence of some malignant neoplasms, but this process is not effective for all types. Screenings are also less effective with detecting rare forms of malignant neoplasms.

How is a malignant neoplasm treated?

Optimal treatment often demands the combined skills of an exceptional surgeon, pathologist, radiologist, radiotherapist, medical oncologist, and sometimes a plastic surgeon.

Medical treatments

The addition of chemotherapy for the highest-grade neoplasms reduces the rate at which high-grade neoplasms return and may improve the rate of cure. The use of specialized radiation therapy techniques has significantly reduced the likelihood of neoplasms coming back at the site where they have been removed. Often, depending on the type of neoplasm, preoperative radiation therapy or chemotherapy (or a combination of the two) may be used to make some of these neoplasms more easily resected with adequate margins.

Surgical treatments

Radiation therapy, in combination with improved techniques for surgical removal and improved methods for functional reconstruction, now allows 90-95% of patients with these aggressive neoplasms to be treated using “limb salvage” (Create link to limb salvage section) techniques (i.e. without amputation).

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage a malignant neoplasm?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with a malignant neoplasm:

Many people mistakenly believe that cancer is largely a hereditary disease, as if fate and the family gene pool alone dictate your chances of getting sick. The truth, though, is that only about 5 to 10 percent of all cancers develop from gene mutations passed down from one generation to the next, according to the American Cancer Society. That means that for the other 90 to 95 percent of cancers, the lifestyle choices you make, the foods you eat and the amount of exercise you incorporate into your daily life can have an important impact on your overall risk. Here some solid ways to lowering your risks and managing your condition:

  • Quit smoking.
  • Eat well.
  • Stay at a healthy weight.
  • Stay active.
  • Protect your skin.
  • Drink alcohol wisely.
  • Practice safer sex.
  • Get regular checkups and screenings.
  • Consider getting the HPV vaccine if you’re age 26 or younger.
  • Avoid toxins and other poisons at work and at home.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: September 6, 2017 | Last Modified: September 6, 2017

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