What is liver cancer?


Know the basics

What is liver cancer?

Liver cancer starts in the liver cells. The liver is an organ in the upper right part of the abdomen, below the diaphragm and stomach. Liver cancer is the most common carcinoma of the liver cells; it is a primary tumor, arising in the liver, not due to spread from any other authority in the body.

Not all cancers affecting the liver are called liver cancer. Cancer arising from other organs in the body such as the colon, lung or breast and then spread to the liver is called metastatic cancer.

How common is liver cancer?

Liver cancer is common in males than females, often in people 50 to 70 years old. The early diagnosis will have a good prognosis. You can limit your ability to disease by reducing the risk factors. Please consult your doctor for more information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of liver cancer?

A third of patients are asymptomatic in the early stages of primary liver cancer. When the signs and symptoms appear, they may include:

  • Weight loss beyond the intention;
  • Nausea, vomiting;
  • Abdominal pain on;
  • Enlarged abdomen;
  • Anorexia;
  • Exhausted;
  • Jaundice;
  • Separate paler.

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have signs and symptoms mentioned above, or have any questions or concerns, please consult your doctor. Status and condition can vary in many people. Always discuss with your doctor to be appointed diagnostic methods, treatment and the best treatment for you.

Know the causes

What causes liver cancer?

The cause of most liver cancers is not well defined. However, in some cases, the cause may be due to hepatitis leads to liver cancer.

Other common causes include: cirrhosis or liver damaged by alcohol abuse, obesity or fatty liver. Liver cancer occurs when liver cells changed (mutated gene DNA) alters the metabolism in the body. The cells will begin to lose control and form tumors.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for liver cancer?

These factors may increase the risk of liver cancer include:

  • Have hepatitis B or chronic hepatitis C: chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) may increase the risk of liver cancer.
  • Cirrhosis: this situation formation of scar tissue in the liver and increase the risk of developing liver cancer.
  • Hereditary disease: a genetic liver diseases as diseases of iron overload (hemochromatosis syndrome), Wilson’s disease …
  • Diabetes: People with blood sugar disorders will have a higher risk of liver cancer than those without diabetes.
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver. The accumulation of fat in the liver can lead to liver cancer.
  • Exposure to aflatoxins, harmful toxins in foods made from corn, peanuts …
  • Alcohol abuse: alcohol daily from year to year will cause liver damage and increase the risk of liver cancer.
  • Obesity also increases the risk of liver cancer can lead to fatty liver disease and cirrhosis.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is liver cancer diagnosed?

The diagnosis is often difficult because cancer epithelial liver cells often do not appear symptoms in early stages. To diagnose your doctor may conduct blood tests AFP (alpha fetoprotein) or check liver function in people with cirrhosis or hepatitis B and C. However, this test is still uncertain because not who were carcinoma liver cells also results in abnormal blood tests. So doctors will be able to combine with other tests such as ultrasound, CT scan or MRI of the liver. If ultrasound images showed the tumor may have followed the doctor will conduct a liver biopsy, a small tissue sample taken in grave liver with a needle and studied under a microscope to look for cancer’s cell.

How is liver cancer treated?

The treatment of liver cancer depends on the stage of the disease, age and health status. Surgery is the most optimal treatment, but most patients cannot have surgery due to cirrhosis or tumors may metastasize. These small tumors (less than 5 cm), the metastasis and cannot have surgery, the liver will function normally and not relapse later.

These patients cannot have surgery can be treated by other methods including treatment with chemotherapy drugs injected into the arteries are giving blood or tumor feeding pump ethanol directly into the tumor to destroy it.

People with large tumors or liver damage too much can be done liver transplant from a donor.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage liver cancer?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with liver cancer:

  • Re-examination appointments for monitoring progression of symptoms as well as your health.
  • Listen to the guidance of a doctor, not arbitrarily medication not specified or arbitrarily abandon prescription medication was prescribed for you.
  • Learn about the liver cancer to be able to make the right treatment decisions.
  • Do not drink.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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