Know the basics
What is listeriosis?
Listeriosis are serious infection occurs by eating food contaminated by the bacterium. These bacteria are most often found in undercooked meat and in dairy products. Listeriosis is a serious infectious disease but it is not common.
How common is listeriosis?
Anyone can be infected. However, for some people, such as pregnant women or fetus have a higher risk. Listeriosis cause premature birth, miscarriage or fetal death shortly after birth. Infants can become seriously ill if infected before birth. People with weakened immune systems are also at risk such as people with cancer, AIDS, organ transplants, and the elderly.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of listeriosis?
Some people get sick with flu-like symptoms such as fever, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and stomach pain. If bacteria enter into the nervous system, symptoms can be more severe. Headache, stiff neck, seizures, loss of balance and feel confused or disoriented may occur.
There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
If you have a fever, muscle aches, nausea or diarrhea after eating foods contaminated capabilities, such as foods made from unpasteurized milk or meat sausage or no warming, you need contact your doctor.
If you have a high fever, severe headache, stiff neck, confusion or sensitivity to light, seek emergency assistance. These signs and symptoms may be a sign of meningitis caused by bacteria – a complication of listeriosis.
Know the causes
What causes listeriosis?
The cause of the disease is caused by eating food contaminated by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes name. Listeria is found in soil and water and can cling to live from the land or vegetables from fertilizer (manure). Listeria can cling to raw meat, dairy and processed foods (such as cheese, ham, hot dogs).
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for listeriosis?
Pregnant women and people with weakened immune systems have the highest risk of listeriosis.
For pregnant women: although listeriosis may cause only mild disease in the mother, but the consequences for the fetus can be very serious, such as miscarriage, stillbirth, premature birth, the fetus was infection can cause death after birth.
In addition, the risk of listeriosis also occurs for those with weakened immune systems include:
- Age: people over age 65 have a higher risk;
- People with AIDS;
- Having chemotherapy;
- Have other conditions such as diabetes or kidney disease;
- Use of certain medications for rheumatoid arthritis.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is listeriosis diagnosed?
The doctor will rely on the symptoms that you experience to diagnose you with Listeria infection or not. In addition, the doctor will check the health and medical history view. In the case of need, you will have to perform the tests including blood tests and bone marrow for the diagnosis is accurate.
How is listeriosis treated?
Methods of treatment with antibiotics are the fastest and most efficient. Patients are usually treated in hospital. Antibiotics were injected directly into the bloodstream. Treatment with antibiotics usually lasts for 2 weeks. Patients with poor immune systems may need longer treatment because patients often relapse.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage listeriosis?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with listeriosis:
- Tell your doctor all the medicines you use (including prescription drugs and herbal products).
- Call your doctor if you still have symptoms after taking all antibiotics.
- Cook from animal products such as eggs, meat and poultry.
- Wash fruits and vegetables before eating.
- Wash hands and utensils with hot soapy water after eating, especially after contact with raw meat and processed.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Download version.
Porter, R. S., Kaplan, J. L., Homeier, B. P., & Albert, R. K. (2009). The Merck manual home health handbook. Whitehouse Station, NJ, Merck Research Laboratories. Print edition. Page 1164
Listeria infection. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/listeria-infection/basics/risk-factors/con-20031039. Accessed July 14, 2016.