Know the basics
What is Lichen sclerosus?
Lichen sclerous is a common skin disease. The disease mainly affects the genitals and anus. It usually occurs in the vulva (outer vaginal lips) of women. Men may be in the glans. Sometimes, Lichen sclerosus may appear in the upper half of the body, such as chest and arm.
How common is Lichen sclerosus?
Lichen sclerosus is common in women. Men and children can also get this disease. The disease usually occurs in postmenopausal women and in men aged 40-60. You can limit your risk by reducing the risk factors. Always consult your doctor for more information.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of Lichen sclerosus?
When the disease occurs in places outside the genitals, patients often do not have any symptoms.
Women with early vulvar disease often have little patchy white skin, itching and smooth. Leather thinner than normal. Rubbing or scratching may lead to sores, itching, genital bleeding and bruising. We can see hot or pain during urination and especially during sex.
In children, the disease usually occurs around the anus, which can be uncomfortable leading to constipation.
Most men with genital disease is caused by not being circumcised. Sometimes, the patient feels pain during erection and the urethra (the tube that carries urine) can be narrowed or blocked.
There may be other symptoms not mentioned. If you have any questions about these signs, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
Contact your doctor if you notice symptoms such as:
- Appearance of new lesions on the body, skin lesions genital area;
- Unable to pull the foreskin of the penis to slip;
- Pain during sex or pain or burning when urinating;
- Check with your doctor periodically from 6 to 12 months.
Know the causes
What causes Lichen sclerosus?
The cause of Lichen sclerosus has not yet been clarified. Experts say that because the immune system is overactive or have genetic problems. Sometimes, Lichen Sclerosus appear on the skin has been damaged or scarred from some other previous injury. Lichen Sclerosus is not contagious.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for Lichen sclerosus?
There are many risk factors for lice, such as:
- Gender: Women have higher risk than men.
- Men who are not circumcised susceptible to higher than normal.
There are no risk factors does not mean you cannot get sick. These signs are for reference only. You should consult a specialist doctor for more details.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is Lichen sclerosus diagnosed?
Doctors usually diagnosed by examining the affected skin area. The early cases often need a biopsy. In a biopsy, a tissue sample is removed and studied under a microscope.
How is Lichen sclerosis treated?
Lichen sclerosus genitals should be treated early, if not, the disease can cause genital scarring narrows loss and interferes with urination or sex.
In men not circumcised, the best treatment is circumcision to remove Lichen sclerosus skin. The disease usually does not recur after treatment.
Prescription drugs (steroids) is also frequently used treatment. Creams and ointments can stop itching but cannot treat all of the scar.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage Lichen sclerosus?
Lichen sclerosus often lasts a lifetime. Adults fibrosis genital Lichen at high risk of cancer in the genitals. Hence the need to see a doctor at least 1-2 times / year. Your doctor will check for cancer or any other changes. Women should check monthly pussy see any changes not. You also need to avoid activities that pressure or influence on the vagina, pain, tenderness or bleeding.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: December 1, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Printed version. Page 113.
Lichen Sclerosus. http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Lichen_Sclerosus/default.asp. Accessed October 05, 2015.