Definition

What is Intervertebral disc disease?

Intervertebral disc disease (IDD) is a common musculoskeletal condition that primarily affects the back. It is characterized by intervertebral disc herniation and/or sciatic pain and is a primary cause of low back pain.

How common is Intervertebral disc disease?

Intervertebral disc disease is estimated to affect about 5 percent of the population. Most individuals experience disc degeneration as they age. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Symptoms

What are the symptoms of Intervertebral disc disease?

The common symptoms of Intervertebral disc disease are:

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you or your loved one has any signs or symptoms listed above or you have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Causes

What causes Intervertebral disc disease?

Intervertebral disc disease (IDD) is a multifactorial disorder, which means that both genetic and environmental factors probably interact to predispose an individual to the condition.

It is likely that several factors are needed for development of IDD. Factors such as occupational stress, trauma, or obesity, together with genetic alterations, may result in the structural weakness of a disc, cause a herniation, and possibly initiate a cascade of events leading to sciatica and pathological disc changes. One of the best-known environmental risk factors for IDD is vibration in occupational driving. Inflammation is also likely to play an important role in the progression of this process.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for Intervertebral disc disease?

Intervertebral disc disease can run in families, but the inheritance pattern is usually unknown. People with a first-degree relative (such as a parent or sibling) with intervertebral disc disease have an increased risk of developing the disorder themselves. Individuals may inherit a gene variation that increases the risk of intervertebral disc disease, but do not inherit the condition itself. Not all people with intervertebral disc disease have an identified gene variation that increases the risk, and not all people with such a gene variation will develop the disorder.

Please consult with your doctor for further information.

Diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is Intervertebral disc disease diagnosed?

Your doctor may give you a diagnosis through several steps, including:

  • Physical and neurological examinations
  • Spinal imaging
  • Other additional tests: bone scan, discogram or discography, myelogram

How is Intervertebral disc disease treated?

In the absence of red flags, the initial approach to treatment is typically conservative and includes physical therapy and pain medications. In 90% of affected individuals, acute attacks of sciatica usually improve within 4 to 6 weeks without surgical intervention. In cases where surgical intervention is necessary, surgical procedures may include discectomy or spinal fusion.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage Intervertebral disc disease?

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: March 27, 2018 | Last Modified: March 27, 2018

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