Know the basics
What is human papillomavirus (hpv)?
The human papillomavirus is a virus that causes warts and cancer. This is a virus that spread through sex. There are many types of HPV; some may cause warts and cervix.
How common is human papillomavirus (hpv)?
Both men and women may be affected by HPV. Warts usually occur in adolescents and youth that had sex. The rate of having warts is high from 20 to 24 years old in men and women from 16 to 19 years old.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of human papillomavirus (hpv)?
HPV often disappear without treatment. But there are circumstances where different types of HPV stay and cause genital warts or cancer.
Genital warts may begin as small toad burns, breaking and bleeding, into the sores, crusting and healing after a few days. The wounds and sores warts are often accompanied by flu – so these symptoms may seem like fever and swollen lymph. You can easily confuse wart with a type of acne caused by ingrown hairs.
Most cases of cancer caused by HPV are cervical cancer. There is also the throat and tongue cancer. Signs of cervical cancer may include bleeding or discharge from your vagina. Bleeding between periods, after sexual intercourse or when menopause. In addition, there are other symptoms such as pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic area, pain during sex.
There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
See your doctor immediately if you suspect you or your recent or current partner having HPV infection. Even if no symptoms develop, you can seek advice about self-examination and what to do if infected. Learn more about the diagnosis of HPV infection. Avoid sexual intercourse until you are sure not infected with HPV to prevent transmission to others.
Know the causes
What causes human papillomavirus (hpv)?
Viruses called human papillomavirus (HPV) cause warts. Types 6, 11, 16 and 18 cause genital warts and cervical cancer.
HPV transmitted sexually. The virus can still spread even if people carry the virus have no symptoms or illness. Warts and cervical cancer can form in many years after exposure to HPV.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for human papillomavirus (hpv)?
Currently there is no sufficient information to identify the factors that increase the risk of HPV. The virus can be transmitted in all people regardless of gender and age.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is human papillomavirus (hpv) diagnosed?
There is currently no test to check the HPV virus in humans. Most HPV infections patients know that they are infected when warts appear or testing found a cancerous tumor.
Genital warts: Your doctor will diagnose warts by looking at the skin. If the HPV cannot be detected, the doctor will take a sample of warts (biopsy) for examination under a microscope.
Cancer: The Pap test (cervical cytology) will help detect precancerous signs as well as the changes in cervical cells that may become cervical cancer. You should start to perform Pap tests by age 21.
How is human papillomavirus (hpv) treated?
Because the virus causing the disease appears after a very long time, so treatment will depend on the type of disease:
- Genital warts: The simplest way to cure warts is soft lather / cream treat. To treat the hard acne, you can also using heat (cooling or heating) to remove acne. The disease may last for a few months of treatment.
- Cancer: The doctor will provide treatment depending on the stage of the tumor and the status and health of patients. For cancer, you should be tested regularly to prevent risk of the disease before tumors formed.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage human papillomavirus (hpv)?
Get vaccinated is the best way to fight the HPV virus, specifically vaccines Cervix and Gardasil in women and Gardasil vaccine in men. In sex, always use a condom. Yet the areas that are not protected by condoms are still at risk of HPV infection. Using condoms is not completely removed but will significantly reduce the risk of viral infection. In addition, not having indiscriminate sex will reduce the risk of disease.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Print edition. Page 535
Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017