Definition

What is a hemorrhagic stroke?

A stroke is a condition occurs when the flow of blood to part of the brain is limited or significantly reduced. Brain cells can die quickly without enough oxygen carried by the blood, which can cause permanent brain damage.

Strokes can be major or minor and the consequences can range from complete recovery to fatality.

A hemorrhagic stroke is also known as an intracerebral hemorrhage, or an ICH. An ICH occurs when a blood vessel ruptures and blood accumulates in the tissue around the rupture. This puts pressure on the brain and causes a loss of blood to the surrounding areas.

Immediate medical treatment is vital for the best odds of recovery. Prevention is also important. If you control your risk factors, you can greatly reduce your odds of having any type of stroke

How common are hemorrhagic strokes?

Hemorrhagic strokes are quite uncommon, in fact only 15 percent of all strokes are hemorrhagic, but they are responsible for about 40 percent of all stroke deaths. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Symptoms

What are the symptoms of a hemorrhagic stroke?

The common symptoms of a hemorrhagic stroke are:

  • Total or limited loss of consciousness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sudden and severe headache
  • Weakness or numb feeling in the face, leg, or arm on one side of the body
  • Seizures
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of balance
  • Problems with speech or swallowing
  • Confusion or disorientation

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consulting with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Causes

What causes a hemorrhagic stroke?

It is proved that there are two types of causes can rupture blood vessel in the brain. The most common cause is probably an aneurysm.

An aneurysm occurs when a section of a blood vessel becomes enlarged from chronic and dangerously high blood pressure or when a blood vessel wall is weak, which is usually congenital. This ballooning leads to thinning of the vessel wall, and ultimately to a rupture.

A rarer cause of an ICH is an arteriovenous malformation (AVM). This occurs when arteries and veins are connected abnormally without capillaries between them.  AVMs are congenital. This means they are present at birth, but they are not hereditary. It is unknown exactly why they occur in some people.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for a hemorrhagic stroke?

There are many risk factors for a hemorrhagic stroke, such as:

  • High blood pressure
  • Anticoagulant overuse
  • Alcoholic
  • Drug abuse

Diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is a hemorrhagic stroke diagnosed?

If your doctor suspects that you may experience this condition, a physical examination will be performed. Some tests that your doctor may recommend include:

  • Blood tests: Managing your blood’s clotting time and levels of sugar and other key chemicals will be part of your stroke care.
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan:A CT scan can show a hemorrhage, tumor, stroke and other conditions.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): An MRI can detect brain tissue damaged by an ischemic stroke and brain hemorrhages.

How is a hemorrhagic stroke treated?

Immediate emergency care is vital for a hemorrhagic stroke. This treatment focuses on monitoring the bleeding in your brain and reducing the pressure caused by the bleeding.

Medications can be used to decrease blood pressure or to slow down the bleeding. If you experience a hemorrhagic stroke while on blood thinners, you are at particular risk for excessive bleeding. Drugs to counteract the effect of the blood thinners are usually given right away during emergency treatment.

Once a hemorrhagic stroke is brought under control with emergency care, an advanced treatment measures can be taken. If the rupture is small and produces only a small amount of bleeding and pressure, supportive care may be the only other form of care you need. This may include:

  • IV fluids
  • Rest
  • Management of other medical problems
  • Speech, physical, or occupational therapy

For more serious strokes, surgery may be needed to repair the ruptured blood vessel and stop the bleeding. If the stroke is caused by an AVM, surgery may be used to remove it. This is not always possible, however, and depends on the location of the AVM. Surgery may also be required to relieve the pressure caused by the bleeding and brain swelling.

 

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage a hemorrhagic stroke?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with a hemorrhagic stroke:

  • High blood pressure is the most likely cause of an ICH. Keeping your blood pressure under control is the best way to control your risk. Talk to your doctor about how to lower your blood pressure if it’s too high.
  • Alcohol and drug use are also controllable risk factors. Consider drinking in moderation and avoid any type of drug abuse

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: August 16, 2017 | Last Modified: August 16, 2017

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