Hemolytic anemia



What is hemolytic anemia?

Extrinsic hemolytic anemia is known as autoimmune hemolytic anemia. This type of anemia develops when the spleen traps and destroys healthy red blood cells. It can also come from red blood cell destruction due to:

  • Infection
  • Tumors
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Medication side effects
  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma

Intrinsic hemolytic anemia develops when the red blood cells produced by your body are defective. This condition is often inherited, such as in people with sickle cell anemia or thalassemia.

How common is hemolytic anemia?

Hemolytic anemia seems to affect more African-Americans than Caucasians. This is likely because sickle cell anemia is more prevalent amongst African-Americans.

It can affect patients at any age. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.


What are the symptoms of hemolytic anemia?

Because there are so many different causes of hemolytic anemia, each person can have different symptoms. However, there are some shared symptoms that many people experience when they have hemolytic anemia.

Some symptoms of hemolytic anemia are the same as other forms of anemia.

These common symptoms include:

  • Paleness of the skin
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Confusion
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness or inability to do physical activity

Other less common signs and symptoms that are seen in those with hemolytic anemia include:

  • Dark urine
  • Yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes (jaundice)
  • Heart murmur
  • Increased heart rate
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Enlarged liver

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.


What causes Epilepsy: complex partial seizures?

While epilepsy is one of the most common causes, there are other conditions that can cause a complex partial seizure. They are:

  • Psychological distress or trauma
  • Neurologic conditions
  • Extreme stress
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Autism
  • Other medical conditions related to the brain
  • Damage caused prior to birth
  • Neurofibromatosis

Risk factors

What increases my risk for Epilepsy: complex partial seizures?

There are many risk factors for Epilepsy: complex partial seizures, such as:

  • Flashing lights
  • Low blood sugar
  • High fever
  • Reactions to some medications

Diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is Epilepsy: complex partial seizures diagnosed?

A doctor will need to confirm that a person is having complex partial seizures. The doctor will need as many details as possible from the person having the seizures as well as from someone who has seen these episodes on a number of occasions. The doctor will need to know what happens before, during, and after each episode.

If a doctor suspects a complex partial seizure, they will usually order a diagnostic test to confirm. An electroencephalogram (EEG) may be done initially. However, the EEG will usually need to record a seizure to be accurate.

Other tests that may be given to look for any potential cause of the seizures are a CT scan and an MRI. A blood test and neurological exam may be done as well. These may help the doctor find a cause (if there is a recognizable cause) without seeing an actual seizure while testing.

How is Epilepsy: complex partial seizures treated?

There are various types of treatment for complex partial seizures. The following are some of the possible treatment options:

  • Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs)
  • Tiagabine hydrochloride (Gabitril), a new AED that shows promise in clinical trials
  • Stimulation of the vagus nerve
  • Responsive neurostimulation
  • Surgery
  • Dietary changes

The type of treatment used is determined by the cause of the seizures, other medical conditions, and other factors.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage Epilepsy: complex partial seizures?

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

Review Date: October 13, 2017 | Last Modified: October 16, 2017

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