What is hemangiomas?


Know the basics

What is hemangiomas?

Hemangioma is a benign tumor caused by the abnormal growths of blood vessels. It is a congenital condition. Hemangioma usually appears as a red bump on the skin. It can appear on any parts of the body.

Hemangioma can happen while the baby is still in the mother’s womb and disappear when they grow up.

How common is hemangiomas?

Hemangioma is common. It can affect patients at any age but mostly from the first ages of life. One third of hemangiomas cases present at birth. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of hemangiomas?

Hemangioma mostly appears in the first years of the baby. There might be a red area on the skin at first, commonly on the face, chest or back. Through time, the red marks will rapidly grow into a protruding mass on the skin. The hemangiomas will likely become flatter and disappear.

There may be some symptoms not mentioned above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

The hemangiomas can be detected during tests or diagnoses. If the hemangiomas start to bleed, cause soreness or show a sign of infections, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Know the causes

What causes hemangiomas?

Hemangiomas are caused by the abnormal growth of the noncancerous blood vessels. The exact cause of this growth is still unknown but there might be a result of inherit factors. Several studies have supported the hypothesis that estrogen plays the signaling role in hemangioma proliferation.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for hemangiomas?

There are many risk factors for hemangioma, such as:

  • You are female.
  • Your child is premature born.
  • White babies are more in the risk of hemangiomas than black ones.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is hemangiomas diagnosed?

Hemangiomas can be visually recognized. There is no need for any diagnosis. However, if the blood vessels grow deep inside the body, CT (computerized tomography) scan and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) may be required.

How is hemangiomas treated?

Hemangiomas are likely to disappear through time, so your doctor may not require any treatments as they can cause other side effects to your skin health. However, if hemangiomas start to affect one’s visions or abilities in doing normal activities, doctors may give some treatments:

  • Beta blockers (with propranolol being the first line treatment) in the form of gel can be applied to the affected skin. However, this kind of drug can increase the risk of high blood pressure, high glucose, and wheezing.
  • Corticosteroid medications are the alternative option for beta blocker drugs. This can be done by injection, oral pills or skin creams.
  • Laser treatment can be used to remove the hemangiomas of ease the pain and soreness.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage hemangiomas?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with hemangiomas:

  • Understand about the condition and available treatment;
  • Discuss with your doctor before using any treatments to treat the hemangiomas.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017