What is guillain barre syndrome?


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Know the basics

What is guillain barre syndrome?

Guillain-Barre Syndrome is a rare condition. It is caused by immune system attacking part of periphery nervous system. This condition may inflame nerves leading to paralysis or weak muscles if it is not treated promptly.

How common is guillain barre syndrome?

Guillain-Barre is common. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of guillain barre syndrome?

Symptoms can appear very quickly including weakness, itchiness or spreading to arms or upper body. The common signs and symptoms of Guillain-Barre Syndrome are:

  • Loss hand and foot reflex;
  • Itchy or weakness in hand and foot;
  • Pain in muscles;
  • Unable to move comfortably;
  • Hypotension;
  • Abnormal heartbeat;
  • Blurred vision or double vision (see 2 images of 1 object);
  • Heavily breath;
  • Difficulty in swallowing.

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

You should contact your doctor if you have any of the following: you feel itch in hands or foot and seems to spread to other places. Besides, you should tell doctor if you have other symptoms such as muscles weakness or heavily breathing. This syndrome needs to be hospitalized soon because its symptoms will develop seriously in very short time. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Know the causes

What causes guillain barre syndrome?

Exact cause of this syndrome has not been known yet. This disease often occurs after few days (or few weeks) of respiratory or digestive infections. Sometimes, operation or injection can cause this syndrome.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for guillain barre syndrome?

There are many risk factors for Guillain-Barre Syndrome, such as:

  • Age: old people have higher risk of this syndrome;
  • Gender: males have higher risk than females;
  • Other respiratory or digestive diseases such as: flu, digestive disease and pneumonia;
  • Genital infections
  • Mononuclear;
  • Lupus erythematosus;
  • Hodgkin;
  • After surgery or injection.

Not having risk factors does not mean you cannot have this syndrome. These risk factors are only reference. You should ask your doctor for further information.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is guillain barre syndrome diagnosed?

Doctors diagnose basing on medical history and clinical examinations. Doctors can require some tests to eliminate other diseases. These tests include: electromechanical meter (EMG), lumbar puncture tube (taking spinal fluid), breathing tests and blood tests.

How is guillain barre syndrome treated?

Guillain-Barre Syndrome treatment mainly prevents complications, reduces symptoms and increase overcome. In the early stage of the disease, doctors use therapy to separate antibody from plasma, and prescribe high-dose of immunoglobulin.

  • In therapy which separate antibody from plasma, red blood cell and white blood cell will be separated from plasma. After all, blood cell without plasma will bring back to your body.
  • In high-dose of immunoglobulin, doctors inject protein (immune substance used to attack creatures) into your vein.
  • Besides, you can use other treatments:
  • Blood thinners;
  • Use breathing apparatus or respiratory support;
  • Painkillers;

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage guillain barre syndrome?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with Guillain Barre Syndrome:

  • Follow doctor’s instruction, do not use medications without prescription or quit without doctor’s permission;
  • Schedule re-examination to control development of symptoms as well as your heath condition.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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